Catherine Choquet

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Following long-term labeling with [1-13C]acetate, [2-13C]acetate, 13CO2, H13COOH, or 13CH3OH, NMR spectroscopy was used to determine the labeling patterns of the purified ribonucleosides of Methanospirillum hungatei, Methanococcus voltae, Methanobrevibacter smithii, Methanosphaera stadtmanae, Methanosarcina barkeri and Methanobacterium bryantii. Major(More)
Unilamellar liposomes were formed by controlled detergent dialysis of mixed micelles consisting of acetone-insoluble total polar lipids extracted from various methanogens and the detergent n-octyl-beta-D-glucopyranoside. The final liposome populations were studied by dynamic light scattering and electron microscopy. Unilamellar liposomes with mean diameters(More)
Methanospirillum hungatei GP1 contained 50% of its ether core lipids (polar lipids less head groups) as tetraether lipids, and its plasma membrane failed to fracture along its hydrophobic domain during freeze-etching. The membrane of Methanosaeta ("Methanothrix") concilii did not contain tetraether lipids and easily fractured to reveal typical(More)
We consider the evolution of a reactive soluble substance introduced into the Poiseuille flow in a slit channel. The reactive transport happens in presence of dominant Péclet and Damköhler numbers. We suppose Péclet numbers corresponding to Taylor’s dispersion regime. The two main results of the paper are the following. First, using the anisotropic(More)
In vitro protein synthesis in Vibrio costicola [poly(U)-directed incorporation of phenylalanine] was studied. The extent of protein synthesis was limited by the number of ribosomes present. Density gradient centrifugation experiments suggested that, after runoff of ribosomes from the artificial messenger, the 50S subunit was unable to attach to the(More)
NMR spectroscopy was used to determine the labeling patterns of the ribose moieties of ribonucleosides purified from Methanospirillum hungatei, Methanococcus voltae, Methanobrevibacter smithii, Methanosphaera stadtmanae, Methanosarcina barkeri and Methanobacterium bryantii labeled with 13C-precursors. In most methanogens tested ribose was labeled in a(More)
Methanococcus voltae cells were converted into protoplasts by suspension in anaerobic 0.1 M Tris-HCl buffer containing 0.4 M sucrose and 0.05 M NaCl as osmoprotectants. Protoplast formation was monitored microscopically by observing the conversion of the typical irregularly shaped (uneven peripheries) coccoid whole cells to rounded forms with smooth(More)
In vitro protein synthesis was studied in extracts of the moderate halophile Vibrio costicola by using as mRNAs the endogenous mRNA of V. costicola and the RNA of the R17 bacteriophage of Escherichia coli. Protein synthesis (amino acid incorporation) was dependent on the messenger, ribosomes, soluble cytoplasmic factors, energy source, and tRNA(FMet) (in(More)
Ether lipids were obtained from a wide range of archaeobacteria grown at extremes of pH, temperature, and salt concentration. With the exception ofSulfolobus acidocaldarius, unilamellar and/or multilamellar liposomes could be prepared from emulsions of total polar lipid extracts by pressure extrusion through filters of various pore sizes. Dynamic light(More)
Usually the Stokes equations that govern a flow in a smooth thin domain (with thickness of order ε) are related to the Reynolds equation for the pressure psmooth. In this paper, we show that for a rough thin domain (with rugosities of order ε) the flow is governed by a modified Reynolds equation for a pressure prough. Moreover we find the relation prough =(More)