Catherine Chambliss

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Previous research has yielded an inconclusive picture of the effects of music and scent on walking. Few laboratory studies have detected a beneficial effect of music; olfactory research has shown performance is positively affected for repetitive tasks but not yet on walking. The influence of these two types of stimuli in efficiency of exercise among seniors(More)
The information-processing characteristics of time estimation have not been well-documented. This research investigated explicit time estimation to test whether (1) it can occur "automatically" and (2) the cognitive function generally known as "working memory" predicts accuracy of time estimation. Data on two tasks requiring explicit time judgement (time(More)
Previous research has yielded a contradictory picture of the effects of music on athletic performance. While athletes frequently report using music while training or during or before an event, laboratory studies have generally not detected a beneficial effect of music. The influence of music, judged mellow and frenetic, played before exercise was assessed(More)
Although athletes frequently report using music while training or before an event, laboratory studies have not detected a beneficial effect, so the influence of positive and negative music on performance of a selected karate drill was investigated in this double-blind study using 14 volunteers from two Shotokan karate schools. Each subject performed a(More)
For over 20 years, medical authorities have urged asymptomatic peri/postmenopausal women to undergo frequent mammography. In a recent paper, the authors tested whether early detection reduced the incidence of previously undetected late-stage cancer and saved lives. They compared data from 1976-1978 (pre- mammography) to 2006-2008 US data. Annualized(More)
Previous research has yielded an inconclusive picture of the effects of music on motor performance. Using a 3-factor within-subjects design [mellow/4:4 time), frenetic/(2:8 time), and white noise music conditions], each of 19 schizophrenic inpatient volunteers performed a Purdue Pegboard and Finger Oscillation (Tapping) Test following 1-min. presentations(More)
A questionnaire assessing perceptions of hypothetical male and female current smokers, a former smoker, and a nonsmoker, as well as personal smoking habits, was administered to 108 suburban high school and 115 college students. Both smokers and nonsmokers held a more negative view of smokers than nonsmokers; mean character ratings of former smokers fell in(More)
BACKGROUND Earlier studies of breast cancer, screening mammography, and mortality reduction may have inflated lifetime and long-term risk estimates for invasive breast cancer due to limitations in their data collection methods and interpretation. OBJECTIVE To estimate the percentage of asymptomatic peri/postmenopausal women who will be diagnosed with a(More)
The nation's response to AIDS has failed to effectively curb the spread of AIDS among intravenous (IV) drug users, who are primarily responsible for transmitting the disease to heterosexuals and children. A study assessing awareness of AIDS among 58 county jail inmates--27 IV drug abusers and 31 nonintravenous drug abusers--found that a minority had(More)
The Freudenfreude and Schadenfreude Test (FAST) had moderate test-retest reliability in an undergraduate sample. Freudenfreude scores were lower and Schadenfreude scores were higher among mildly depressed than nondepressed students. Distinctive reactions to personal success and failure were associated with depression. Responses to others' success and(More)