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BACKGROUND & AIMS Cancer progression/metastases and embryonic development share many properties including cellular plasticity, dynamic cell motility, and integral interaction with the microenvironment. We hypothesized that the heterogeneous nature of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), in part, may be owing to the presence of hepatic cancer cells with(More)
TP63, a member of the TP53 gene family, encodes two groups of three isoforms (alpha, beta and gamma). The TAp63 isoforms act as transcription factors. The DeltaNp63 isoforms lack the main transcription activation domain and act as dominant-negative inhibitors of transactivation (TA) isoforms. To clarify the role of these isoforms and to better understand(More)
In the process of generating transgenic mice, inserted foreign DNA can cause insertional inactivation of the flanking genetic locus and simultaneously provide a molecular tag for localizing and cloning the inactivated gene. We describe the case of an insertional mutation leading, in animals homozygous for the insertion, to severe anaemia that was lethal(More)
OBJECTIVES To analyze in solid pseudopapillary neoplasm of the pancreas (SPNP) the consequences of the deregulated Wnt pathway by studying the expression of Wnt target glutamine synthetase (GLUL), cyclin D1, and E-cadherin, which is one of the beta-catenin binding partner in cell adhesion. METHODS The expression of cyclin D1 and GLUL was studied at the(More)
The Wnt/beta-catenin pathway is a key developmental pathway for which alterations have been described in various human cancers. The aberrant activation of this pathway is a major event in human hepatocellular carcinoma. Several laboratories have shown that the Wnt/beta-catenin pathway plays an essential role in all phases of liver development and(More)
The Wnt/beta-catenin signalling pathway is activated in many human hepatocellular carcinomas (HCC). Identification of beta-catenin mutation relies mostly on sequence analysis and/or immunohistochemistry. beta-catenin mutation may also be detected by analysing the expression of its target genes. The GLUL gene encoding glutamine synthetase (GS), for example,(More)
Adrenocortical cancer is a rare cancer with a very poor prognosis. The genetic alterations identified to date in adrenocortical tumors are limited. Activating mutations of the Wnt signaling pathway have been observed in more frequent cancers, particularly digestive tract tumors. We investigated whether Wnt pathway activation is involved in adrenocortical(More)
In a transgenic model of hepatocellular carcinoma induced by the expression of SV40 early sequences (TAg mice), deregulation of hepatocyte proliferation induces an apoptotic process whose decrease coincides with the appearance of neoplastic foci. Mating these mice with transgenic mice overexpressing Bcl-2 led to a dramatic reduction in the number of(More)
We have previously demonstrated that CD95-mediated apoptosis of hepatocytes is blocked in a murine model of hepatocarcinogenesis due to the expression of SV40 early sequences encoding the large-T and small-t antigens. In this study, we set out to pinpoint the sequences involved in this apoptosis-resistant phenotype, and tested several mutants of the SV40(More)
To clarify molecular mechanisms underlying liver carcinogenesis induced by aberrant activation of Wnt pathway, we isolated the target genes of beta-catenin from mice exhibiting constitutive activated beta-catenin in the liver. Adenovirus-mediated expression of oncogenic beta-catenin was used to isolate early targets of beta-catenin in the liver. Suppression(More)