Catherine Cavard

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Adrenocortical cancer is a rare cancer with a very poor prognosis. The genetic alterations identified to date in adrenocortical tumors are limited. Activating mutations of the Wnt signaling pathway have been observed in more frequent cancers, particularly digestive tract tumors. We investigated whether Wnt pathway activation is involved in adrenocortical(More)
The TP63 gene, a member of the TP53 gene family, encodes several isoforms with (TAp63) or without (DeltaNp63) transactivating properties. Whereas the role of p63 in the normal development of squamous epithelia is well established, its function in other cell types remains to be elucidated. Here, we have analysed the expression of TA and DeltaNp63 isoforms in(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Cancer progression/metastases and embryonic development share many properties including cellular plasticity, dynamic cell motility, and integral interaction with the microenvironment. We hypothesized that the heterogeneous nature of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), in part, may be owing to the presence of hepatic cancer cells with(More)
Aberrant DNA methylation patterns have been identified in a variety of human diseases, particularly cancer. Pyrosequencing has evolved in recent years as a sensitive and accurate method for the analysis and quantification of the degree of DNA methylation in specific target regions. However, the number of candidate genes that can be analyzed in clinical(More)
Intrahepatic malignant tumours include hepatocellular carcinomas (HCC), cholangiocarcinomas (CC) and combined hepatocholangiocarcinomas (cHCC-CC), a group of rare and poorly characterized tumours that exhibit both biliary and hepatocytic differentiation. The aim of the study was to characterize the molecular pathways specifically associated with cHCC-CC(More)
To clarify molecular mechanisms underlying liver carcinogenesis induced by aberrant activation of Wnt pathway, we isolated the target genes of beta-catenin from mice exhibiting constitutive activated beta-catenin in the liver. Adenovirus-mediated expression of oncogenic beta-catenin was used to isolate early targets of beta-catenin in the liver. Suppression(More)
The Wnt/beta-catenin pathway is a key developmental pathway for which alterations have been described in various human cancers. The aberrant activation of this pathway is a major event in human hepatocellular carcinoma. Several laboratories have shown that the Wnt/beta-catenin pathway plays an essential role in all phases of liver development and(More)
Solid-pseudopapillary neoplasms (SPNs) are rare human pancreatic neoplasms usually associated with a good prognosis. In contrast to other pancreatic tumours, aberrant activation of the Wnt-beta-catenin pathway appears to be a constant feature in SPN. Aside from activation of the Wnt-beta-catenin pathway, little is known about biological pathways deregulated(More)
The Wnt/beta-catenin signalling pathway is activated in many human hepatocellular carcinomas (HCC). Identification of beta-catenin mutation relies mostly on sequence analysis and/or immunohistochemistry. beta-catenin mutation may also be detected by analysing the expression of its target genes. The GLUL gene encoding glutamine synthetase (GS), for example,(More)
TP63, a member of the TP53 gene family, encodes two groups of three isoforms (alpha, beta and gamma). The TAp63 isoforms act as transcription factors. The DeltaNp63 isoforms lack the main transcription activation domain and act as dominant-negative inhibitors of transactivation (TA) isoforms. To clarify the role of these isoforms and to better understand(More)