Catherine C. Santini

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Rapid hydroformylation of 1-octene (rates up to 800 h(-1)) with the catalyst remaining stable for at least 40 h and with very low rhodium leaching levels (0.5 ppm) is demonstrated when using a system involving flowing the substrate, reacting gases and products dissolved in supercritical CO(2) (scCO(2)) over a fixed bed supported ionic liquid phase catalyst.
The organometallic complexes ([Ru(COD)(2-methylallyl)2] and [Ni(COD)2] (COD=1,5-cyclooctadiene) dissolved in imidazolium ionic liquids (ILs) undergo reduction and decomposition, respectively, to afford stable ruthenium and nickel metal(0) nanoparticles (Ru(0)-NPs and Ni(0)-NPs) in the absence of classical reducing agents. Depending on the case, the(More)
A supported ionic liquid phase (SILP) catalyst prepared from [PrMIM][Ph(2)P(3-C(6)H(4)SO(3))] (PrMIM = 1-propyl-3-methylimidazolium), [Rh(CO)(2)(acac)] (acacH = 2,4-pentanedione) [OctMIM]NTf(2) (OctMIM = 1-n-octyl-3-methylimidazolium, Tf = CF(3)SO(2)) and microporous silica has been used for the continuous flow hydroformylation of 1-octene in the presence(More)
The catalytic hydrogenation of 1,3-cyclohexadiene using [Rh(COD)(PPh(3))(2)]NTf(2) (COD = 1,5-cyclooctadiene) was performed in two ionic liquids: 1-butyl-3-methylimidazolium bis(trifluoromethylsulfonyl)imide, [C(1)C(4)Im][NTf(2)], and 1-butyl-2,3-dimethylimidazolium bis(trifluoromethylsulfonyl)imide, [C(1)C(1)C(4)Im][NTf(2)]. It is observed that the(More)
Suspensions of bimetallic nanoparticles (NPs) of Ru and Cu have been synthesized by simultaneous decomposition of two organometallic compounds in an ionic liquid. These suspensions have been characterized by Anomalous Small-Angle X-ray Scattering (ASAXS) at energies slightly below the Ru K-edge. It is found that the NPs adopt a Ru-core, a Cu-shell(More)
Very stable suspensions of small sized (c.a. 1.2 nm) and homogeneously dispersed ruthenium nanoparticles (RuNPs) were obtained by decomposition, under H(2), of (η(4)-1,5-cyclooctadiene)(η(6)-1,3,5-cyclooctatriene)ruthenium(0), [Ru(COD)(COT)], in various imidazolium derived ionic liquids (ILs: [RMIm][NTf(2)] (R = C(n)H(2n+1) where n = 2; 4; 6; 8; 10) and in(More)
Dialkylimidazolium chlorometallate molten salts resulting from the combination of zirconium or hafnium tetrachloride and 1-butyl-3-methylimidazolium chloride, [C(1)C(4)Im][Cl], have been prepared with a molar fraction of MCl(4), R = n(MCl4)/n(MCl4) + n([C1C4IM][Cl]) equal to 0, 0.1, 0.2, 0.33, 0.5, 0.67. The structure and composition were studied by(More)
Ionic liquids are a stabilizing medium for the in situ synthesis of ruthenium nanoparticles. Herein we show that the addition of molecular polar solutes to the ionic liquid, even in low concentrations, eliminates the role of the ionic liquid 3D structure in controlling the size of ruthenium nanoparticles, and can induce their aggregation. We have performed(More)
Cp*ZrMe3 reacts with silica pretreated at 800 degrees C, SiO(2-(800)) through two pathways: (a) protolysis of a Zr-Me group by surface silanols and (b) transfer of a methyl group to the surface by opening of strained siloxane bridges, in a relative proportion of ca. 9/1, respectively, affording a well-defined surface species [([triple bond]SiO)ZrCp*(Me)2],(More)
A new family of hydroxytris(pentafluorophenyl)borate anions [B(C6F5)3OH](-) associated with organic and aprotic cations c+ (imidazolium, pyrrolidinium and phosphonium) has been prepared by a general one-pot synthesis that implies the chloride borate analogues [B(C6F5)3Cl](-)[c]+. The [c]+[B(C6F5)3OH](-) salts have been isolated and fully characterized. The(More)