Catherine Bucay Marcus

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Synthetic catalytic scavengers of reactive oxygen species (ROS) may have broad clinical applicability. In previous papers, two salen-manganese complexes, EUK-8 and EUK-134, had superoxide dismutase (SOD) and catalase activities and prevented ROS-associated tissue injury. This study describes two series of salen-manganese complexes, comparing catalytic ROS(More)
Activity-directed fractionation of Trifolium pratense resulted in isolation of the isoflavone biochanin A, a potent inhibitor of metabolic activation of the carcinogen benzo[a]pyrene (B[a]P) in cells in culture. To determine the structural features required for maximal inhibition of cytochrome P-450 mediated metabolism of B[a]P, the inhibitory potencies of(More)
7,12-Dimethylbenz(a)anthracene (DMBA) causes massive ACTH-dependent necrosis of the rat adrenal cortex. This may be related to an ACTH-inducible adrenal microsomal cytochrome P450 that metabolizes polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH). The proportions of major monooxygenated products of rat adrenal microsomal DMBA metabolism (DMBA-8,9-diol, DMBA-3,4-diol,(More)
The expression of CYP1B1 has been identified in breast cancer using the reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction and immunoblotting. CYP1B1 mRNA was expressed in the majority of breast tumours and immunoblotting of breast tumours identified a single protein band of molecular weight 60 kDa corresponding to the predicted molecular weight of human(More)
The environmental contaminant benzo[c]phenanthrene (B[c]Ph) has weak carcinogenic activity in rodent bioassays; however, the fjord region diol epoxides of B[c]Ph, B[c]Ph-3,4-diol 1,2-epoxides (B[c]PhDE), are potent carcinogens. To determine the role of cytochrome P450 isozymes in the activation of B[c]Ph in MCF-7 cells and the low activation of B[c]Ph in(More)
A solid-phase membrane mimetic system, denoted as immobilized artificial membranes (IAM), has been developed and utilized as a novel high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) matrix for the first step in the rapid purification of functional membrane proteins. IAM phases consist of monolayers of amphiphilic membrane lipid molecules covalently bonded to a(More)
The cytochromes P450 (P450) are a multi-gene superfamily of constitutive and inducible enzymes and are involved in the oxidative metabolism of a diverse range of xenobiotics including carcinogens, therapeutic drugs and several groups of biologically active endogenous compounds such as steroid hormones and fatty acids. The main families of P450 involved in(More)
Biochanin A, an isoflavone, has previously been shown to inhibit the metabolic activation of the carcinogen benzo[a]pyrene (B[a]P) to metabolites that bind to DNA in hamster embryo cells and are mutagenic in Chinese hamster V79 cells. To determine the structural features required for this activity and to attempt to find more effective inhibitors, a series(More)
Following in vivo administration to rats of equimolar amounts of a series of 4-n-alkoxymethylenedioxybenzene (AMDB) derivatives, hepatic microsomal aryl hydrocarbon hydroxylase (AHH) activities, total cytochrome P-450 levels, and AMDB metabolite-cytochrome P-450 spectral complex (455 nm) formation were well correlated in parabolic relationships with pi, the(More)