Catherine Blanpied

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BACKGROUND & AIMS A dysregulated response of CD4(+) T cells against the microbiota contributes to the development of inflammatory bowel disease. Effector CD4(+) T cells, generated in response to microbe-derived antigens, can reduce somatic inflammatory pain through the local release of opioids. We investigated whether colitogenic CD4(+) T cells that(More)
A number of studies have been dedicated to estimate the consequences on immunity of the clinical use of opioids by focusing on mitogen-induced polyclonal proliferation of T cells from blood or spleen. Here we examined, under physiological conditions, the contribution of endogenous opioids in the development of a CD4(+) T cell response within draining lymph(More)
Mercuric chloride (HgCl2) as well as several drugs can induce T cell activation leading to systemic immune-mediated diseases in genetically susceptible individuals or rodents. T cell hybridomas represent a well-characterized model system for in vivo mechanisms of various stimuli-induced cell death. The cellular response to HgCl2 was examined using various T(More)
In susceptible animals evidence is accumulating for a primary role for Th2 cells in the course of HgCl2-induced autoimmunity, and for a contribution of Th1 cells in the self-regulated phase of this disease. We have reported that incubation of 2B4.11 T cell hybridoma with HgCl2 induced programmed cell death. This paper shows that recombinant IL-2(More)
Effector CD4(+) T lymphocytes generated in response to antigens produce endogenous opioids. Thus, in addition to their critical role in host defenses against pathogens, effector CD4(+) T lymphocytes contribute to relieving inflammatory pain. In this study, we investigated mechanisms of opioid release by antigen-experienced effector CD4(+) T cells that leave(More)
Pain is an inherent component of inflammation often accompanying immune response. A large spectrum of molecules released within the inflamed tissue induces pain by stimulating primary afferent neurons in situ. Activity of primary sensitive fibers can be counteracted by local opioid release by leukocytes. In this study, we investigated the endogenous(More)
Endogenous opioid peptides mainly produced by neurons are also released by immune cells. They bind to mu- (mu-opioid receptor, MOR), delta-, and kappa-opioid receptors. On the basis of studies on mice showing that MOR is the main mediator of the deleterious effects of opioids on immunity, we wondered whether MOR, absent under normal conditions, is expressed(More)
Fas (CD95)-induced hepatocyte apoptosis and cytotoxic activity of neutrophils infiltrating the injured liver are two major events leading to hepatitis. Because it has been reported that opioids, via a direct interaction, sensitize splenocytes to Fas-mediated apoptosis by upregulating Fas messenger RNA (mRNA) and modulated neutrophil activity, we assumed(More)
T cell-derived opioids play a key role in the control of inflammatory pain. However, the nature of opioids produced by T cells is still matter of debate in mice. Whereas β-endorphin has been found in T lymphocytes by using antibody-based methods, messenger RNA (mRNA) quantification shows mainly mRNA encoding for enkephalins. The objective of the study is to(More)