Learn More
The interferon-regulated 2-5A/RNase L pathway plays a major role in the antiviral and antiproliferative activities of these cytokines. Several viruses, however, have evolved strategies to escape the antiviral activity of the 2-5A/RNase L pathway. In this context, we have cloned a cDNA coding for the RNase L inhibitor (RLI), a protein that specifically(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess the clinical efficacy of nutritional amounts of grape polyphenols (PPs) in counteracting the metabolic alterations of high-fructose diet, including oxidative stress and insulin resistance (IR), in healthy volunteers with high metabolic risk. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS Thirty-eight healthy overweight/obese first-degree relatives of(More)
The 2-5A/RNase L system is considered as a central pathway of interferon (IFN) action and could possibly play a more general physiological role as for instance in the regulation of RNA stability in mammalian cells. We describe here the expression cloning and initial characterization of RLI (for RNase L inhibitor), a new type of endoribonuclease inhibitor.(More)
H19 is a paternally imprinted gene whose expression produces a 2.4 kb RNA in most tissues during development and in mammalian myoblastic cell lines upon differentiation. Deletion of the active maternal allele of H19 and its flanking regions in the mouse leads to biallelic methylation and loss of imprinting of the neighbouring Igf2 gene. The function of H19(More)
BACKGROUND With the current increasing incidence of allergies worldwide, new treatments showing efficacy and long term safety are needed for chronic conditions such as persistent allergic rhinitis (PER). New generation H1-antihistamines have demonstrated anti-allergic properties, which could possibly enhance their effectiveness in long-term periods of(More)
PURPOSE Recent studies have revealed abnormalities in the ribonuclease L pathway in peripheral blood mononuclear cells of patients with the chronic fatigue syndrome. We conducted a blinded study to detect possible differences in the distribution of 2-5A binding proteins in the cells of patients with chronic fatigue syndrome and controls. PATIENTS AND(More)
Facioscapulohumeral muscular dystrophy (FSHD), an autosomal dominant neuromuscular disorder, has been causally related to deletion of tandemly arrayed 3.3 kb repeats (D4Z4) on chromosome 4q35. Although increased expression of several 4q35 genes has been reported, two recent studies dispute this, finding no significant changes in the transcriptional level of(More)
Interferons (IFNs) inhibit the growth of many different cell types by altering the expression of specific genes. IFNs activities are partly mediated by the 2'-5' oligoadenylates-RNase L RNA decay pathway. RNase L is an endoribonuclease requiring activation by 2'-5' oligoadenylates to cleave single-stranded RNA. Here, we present evidence that degradation of(More)
RNase L is considered as the major if not unique target of (2'-5')(A)n and therefore as an important intracellular mediator of interferon action. It behaves as an 185-kDa species in various cell extracts when analyzed by gel filtration. SDS/PAGE analysis of the polypeptides covalently labelled with a (2'-5')(A)4-3'-[32P]pCp probe reveals a single 80-kDa(More)
The 2'-5' oligoadenylate (2-5A)/RNase L pathway is one of the enzymatic pathways induced by interferon. RNase L is a latent endoribonuclease which is activated by 2-5A and inhibited by a specific protein known as RLI (RNase L inhibitor). This system has an important role in regulating viral infection. Additionally, variations in RNase L activity have been(More)