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Rats lever pressed for concurrent electrical stimulation of the lateral hypothalamus and ventral tegmentum. The pulse-pair stimulation technique was used, with the first pulse of each pair applied to one electrode and the second to the other electrode; the intrapair interval was varied. The effectiveness of stimulation, measured behaviorally, increased(More)
This article considers the quantitative techniques currently in use in the evaluation of cognitive impairments associated with chemotherapy treatment for breast cancer. To illustrate differences among analytical approaches, all analyses were applied to baseline and posttreatment scores on neuropsychological tests obtained from Stages I and II breast cancer(More)
Prechemotherapy neuroimaging data are lacking in posttreatment cognitive impairment studies. Breast cancer patients and noncancer controls were scanned prior to chemotherapy during a response inhibition task. Task reaction times and error rates, as well as neuropsychological tests, hospital records, and salivary biomarkers, were investigated, yielding no(More)
The chronic unpredictable mild stress (CMS) is a paradigm developed in animals to model the relatively minor and unanticipated irritants that lead to a state of anhedonia in some individuals. However, the effectiveness of CMS is sometimes difficult to establish, for which unique strain sensitivities has been attributed as one contributing factor. These(More)
OBJECTIVE The primary purpose of this study was to evaluate the cognitive effects of adjuvant hormonal therapies in breast cancer patients. PARTICIPANTS AND METHODS Post-menopausal breast cancer patients scheduled to receive tamoxifen (n=31) or anastrozole (n=14) completed neuropsychological testing around the time of commencement of treatment (T1), and(More)
The behavioral, biochemical, and physiologic consequences of 6 wk of environmental enrichment were evaluated in male Long Evans and Sprague-Dawley rats and compared with those of rats in standard single-housing conditions. Standard housing provided little or no social or physical stimulation whereas environmental enrichment comprised group housing for 8 h(More)
OBJECTIVE Studies in breast cancer patients indicate that chemotherapy may cause subtle cognitive disturbances in some women, but the course is unclear. The current study evaluated the cognitive effects of adjuvant chemotherapy in post-menopausal breast cancer patients 1 year following completion of treatment. PATIENTS AND METHODS Breast cancer patients(More)
The chronic mild stress (CMS) paradigm was developed in order to simulate in animals the symptom of anhedonia, a major feature of depression. Typically, changes in hedonic status are interpreted from a decrease in either intake or preference for a mild sucrose solution. Although the incidence of clinical depression is significantly higher in women than in(More)
Rats were trained to self-stimulate for trains of cathodal pulses delivered via electrodes placed in the medial prefrontal cortex (MPFC) and caudate-putamen (CPu). When the pulses were delivered via 9 ipsilateral MPFC and CPu sites alternately, summation varied from 13% to 40%. However, the overall summation for 2 contralateral MPFC-CPu pairs was 5%, thus(More)
Cognitive complaints by breast cancer survivors receiving chemotherapy have led to an increasing interest in elucidating the possible causes of such impairment. Although a number of neuroimaging studies have been conducted, only a handful of them have taken into account cognitive status pre-chemotherapy. The current study included pre-chemotherapy and(More)