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The role of ascending and descending fibers in self-stimulation of the lateral hypothalamus and ventral tegmental area in the rat was assessed by noting whether anodal hyperpolarization of one of these sites could reduce the rewarding effect of stimulating the other site. Strength-duration curves were obtained by psychophysical means, with one of the depth(More)
Rats lever pressed for concurrent electrical stimulation of the lateral hypothalamus and ventral tegmentum. The pulse-pair stimulation technique was used, with the first pulse of each pair applied to one electrode and the second to the other electrode; the intrapair interval was varied. The effectiveness of stimulation, measured behaviorally, increased(More)
The behavioral, biochemical, and physiologic consequences of 6 wk of environmental enrichment were evaluated in male Long Evans and Sprague-Dawley rats and compared with those of rats in standard single-housing conditions. Standard housing provided little or no social or physical stimulation whereas environmental enrichment comprised group housing for 8 h(More)
Prechemotherapy neuroimaging data are lacking in posttreatment cognitive impairment studies. Breast cancer patients and noncancer controls were scanned prior to chemotherapy during a response inhibition task. Task reaction times and error rates, as well as neuropsychological tests, hospital records, and salivary biomarkers, were investigated, yielding no(More)
The chronic mild stress (CMS) paradigm was developed in order to simulate in animals the symptom of anhedonia, a major feature of depression. Typically, changes in hedonic status are interpreted from a decrease in either intake or preference for a mild sucrose solution. Although the incidence of clinical depression is significantly higher in women than in(More)
Rats were trained to self-stimulate for trains of cathodal pulses delivered via electrodes placed in the medial prefrontal cortex (MPFC) and caudate-putamen (CPu). When the pulses were delivered via 9 ipsilateral MPFC and CPu sites alternately, summation varied from 13% to 40%. However, the overall summation for 2 contralateral MPFC-CPu pairs was 5%, thus(More)
Cognitive complaints by breast cancer survivors receiving chemotherapy have led to an increasing interest in elucidating the possible causes of such impairment. Although a number of neuroimaging studies have been conducted, only a handful of them have taken into account cognitive status pre-chemotherapy. The current study included pre-chemotherapy and(More)
Given the improvement in mortality rates associated with breast cancer, the importance of understanding the long-term neuropsychological consequences of chemotherapy is becoming increasingly vital. This study applies meta-analytic techniques to the scant literature on the relationship between contemporary adjuvant chemotherapy treatment for breast cancer(More)
In humans, paternal behaviors have a strong influence on the emotional and social development of children. Fathers, more frequently than mothers, leave the family nucleus, and/or become abusive, leading to offspring that are more likely to grow under stressful conditions and greater susceptibility to abnormal health and social outcomes. Literature on(More)