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BACKGROUND Lung cancer has the highest mortality-rate per cancer, with an overall 5-year survival <15%. Several non-randomized studies pointed out the high sensitivity of low dose computed tomography (LDCT) to detect early stage lung cancer. In France, Depiscan, a pilot RCT of LDCT versus chest X-ray (CXR), started on October 2002 to determine the(More)
Combining helical volumetric CT acquisition and thin-slice thickness during breath hold provides an accurate assessment of both focal and diffuse airway diseases. With multiple detector rows, compared with single-slice helical CT, multislice CT can cover a greater volume, during a simple breath hold, and with better longitudinal and in-plane spatial(More)
In the framework of computer-aided diagnosis, this paper proposes a novel functionality for the computerized tomography (CT)-based investigation of the pulmonary airways. It relies on an energy-based three-dimensional (3-D) reconstruction of the bronchial tree from multislice CT acquisitions, up to the sixth- to seventh-order subdivisions. Global and local(More)
BACKGROUND In chest computed tomography (CT), iterative reconstruction (IR) algorithms maintain diagnostic image quality (IQ) while significantly reducing the dose. PURPOSE To evaluate the impact of IR on IQ of chest CT at effective doses below 0.3 mSv. MATERIAL AND METHODS Twenty chest CT scans performed at effective dose below 0.3 mSv (CT1) were(More)
PURPOSE To evaluate, with thin-section computed tomography (CT), changes in bronchial cross-sectional area and lung attenuation induced by bronchial stimulation in patients with mild intermittent asthma, at a given lung volume monitored with pneumotachography. MATERIALS AND METHODS Twelve patients with mild intermittent asthma who were nonsmokers(More)
The incidental finding of a pulmonary nodule on computed tomography (CT) is becoming an increasingly frequent event. The discovery of such a nodule should evoke the possibility of a small bronchogenic carcinoma, for which excision is indicated without delay. However, invasive diagnostic procedures should be avoided in the case of a benign lesion. The(More)
PURPOSE To determine the performance of a CAD system for lung nodules with ground glass opacity component on multidetector-row CT. Materials and methods. The CT examinations of 17 patients with at least one persistent subsolid nodule were reviewed. A first non-blinded consensus review by two expert radiologists resulted in the detection of 104 subsolid(More)
OBJECTIVE Erdheim-Chester disease (ECD) is a rare form of non-Langerhans' cell histiocytosis that may present with pulmonary involvement. We undertook the current study to evaluate the characteristic features of pulmonary involvement in ECD, in the largest single-center series of patients reported to date. METHODS We performed a retrospective study of the(More)
BACKGROUND No data on long-term outcomes of survivors of 2009 influenza A(H1N1) (A[H1N1])-associated ARDS are available. The objective of this study was to compare the 1-year outcomes of survivors of A(H1N1)-associated ARDS, according to use or no use of extracorporeal lung assist (ECLA), using its need as an ARDS severity surrogate. METHODS Survivors of(More)