Catherine Baugé

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OBJECTIVE Extracellular matrix deposition is tightly controlled by a network of regulatory cytokines. Among them, interleukin-1beta (IL-1beta) and transforming growth factor beta1 (TGFbeta1) have been shown to play antagonistic roles in tissue homeostasis. The purpose of this study was to determine the influence of IL-1beta on TGFbeta receptor type II(More)
In osteoarthritis (OA), interleukin-1 (IL-1) stimulates the expression of metalloproteinases and aggrecanases, which induce cartilage degradation. IL-1 is also capable of reducing the production of cartilage-specific macromolecules, including type II collagen, through modulation of the transcription factors Sp1 and Sp3. Conversely, Transforming growth(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine the effect of avian chondroitin sulfate (CS) on interleukin-1beta (IL-1beta)-induced expression of genes related to catabolic, anabolic and inflammatory aspects in chondrocytes cultured in hypoxic alginate beads. DESIGN Articular chondrocytes from bovine metacarpal joint were isolated and cultured in alginate beads, using low oxygen(More)
OBJECTIVE We have previously shown that interleukin-1beta (IL-1beta) impairs transforming growth factor beta (TGFbeta) signaling through TGFbeta receptor type II (TGFbetaRII) down-regulation and Smad7 up-regulation. This mechanism could account for the reduced responsiveness of osteoarthritic chondrocytes to TGFbeta and the cartilage breakdown linked to(More)
The transforming growth factor-β (TGFβ) type II receptor (TβR-II) is responsible for transducing the growth inhibitory signals of TGFβ. The TβR-II gene promoter lacks both a TATA box and a CAAT box near the transcription initiation site, and has been shown to contain binding sequences for several transcription factors (Sp1, AP1, NF-Y, Cut and ERT) which are(More)
We previously showed that interleukin-1beta (IL-1beta) down-regulation of type II TGFbeta receptor (TbetaRII) involves NFkappaB pathway and requires de novo synthesis of a yet unknown protein. Here, we demonstrate that this effect is mediated through Sp1 site located at position -25 of human TbetaRII promoter. Inhibition of transcription factors binding(More)
Cartilage engineering is one of the most challenging issue in regenerative medicine, due to its limited self-ability to repair. Here, we assessed engineering of cartilage tissue starting from human bone marrow (hBM) stem cells under hypoxic environment and delineated the mechanism whereby chondrogenesis could be conducted without addition of exogenous(More)
Cartilage healing by tissue engineering is an alternative strategy to reconstitute functional tissue after trauma or age-related degeneration. However, chondrocytes, the major player in cartilage homeostasis, do not self-regenerate efficiently and lose their phenotype during osteoarthritis. This process is called dedifferentiation and also occurs during the(More)
OBJECTIVE . To determine the effects of selenomethionine (Se-met) and epigallocatechin-gallate (EGCg) on gene expression, activation of mitogen-activating kinases, and DNA binding of nuclear factor-kappaB (NF-kappaB) and apolipoprotein-1 (AP-1) in articular chondrocytes. METHODS Chondrocytes, cultured in low-oxygen tension, were pretreated with(More)
A significant association between a polymorphism in the D repeat of the gene encoding asporin and osteoarthritis, the most frequent of articular diseases, has been recently reported. The goal of the present study was to investigate the expression of this new class I small leucine-rich proteoglycan (SLRP) in human articular chondrocytes. First, we studied(More)