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STUDY DESIGN A posterior arthrodesis animal model using local expression of a newly discovered osteoinductive protein delivered in bone marrow cells. OBJECTIVE To introduce the concept of local gene therapy and determine its feasibility for achieving lumbar spine fusion using a gene for a novel osteoinductive protein: LIM Mineralization Protein-1 (LMP-1).(More)
Escherichia coli AraC is a well-described transcription activator of genes involved in arabinose metabolism. Using complementary genomic approaches, chromatin immunoprecipitation (ChIP)-chip, and transcription profiling, we identify direct regulatory targets of AraC, including five novel target genes: ytfQ, ydeN, ydeM, ygeA, and polB. Strikingly, only ytfQ(More)
Activation of the PI3K/AKT signal pathway is a known driving force for the progression to castration-recurrent prostate cancer (CR-CaP), which constitutes the major lethal phenotype of CaP. Here, we identify using a genomic shRNA screen the PI3K/AKT-inactivating downstream target, FOXO4, as a potential CaP metastasis suppressor. FOXO4 protein levels(More)
Peptidoglycan (PG), a complex polymer composed of saccharide chains cross-linked by short peptides, is a critical component of the bacterial cell wall. PG synthesis has been extensively studied in model organisms but remains poorly understood in mycobacteria, a genus that includes the important human pathogen Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb). The principle(More)
Transposon-insertion sequencing (TIS) is a powerful approach for deciphering genetic requirements for bacterial growth in different conditions, as it enables simultaneous genome-wide analysis of the fitness of thousands of mutants. However, current methods for comparative analysis of TIS data do not adjust for stochastic experimental variation between(More)
Bacterial small RNAs (sRNAs) are short transcripts that typically do not encode proteins and often act as regulators of gene expression through a variety of mechanisms. Regulatory sRNAs have been identified in many species, including Mycobacterium tuberculosis, the causative agent of tuberculosis. Here, we use a computational algorithm to predict sRNA(More)
The purpose of this prospective animal study was to evaluate the efficacy of a resorbable coral particulate to serve as a carrier with several doses of a bovine-derived osteoinductive bone protein mixture. A previously validated rabbit model for posterolateral intertransverse process lumbar spinal fusion was used. Posterolateral intertransverse process(More)
Public transit systems are ideal for studying the urban microbiome and interindividual community transfer. In this study, we used 16S amplicon and shotgun metagenomic sequencing to profile microbial communities on multiple transit surfaces across train lines and stations in the Boston metropolitan transit system. The greatest determinant of microbial(More)
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