Catherine B. Poole

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Parasitic nematodes that cause elephantiasis and river blindness threaten hundreds of millions of people in the developing world. We have sequenced the approximately 90 megabase (Mb) genome of the human filarial parasite Brugia malayi and predict approximately 11,500 protein coding genes in 71 Mb of robustly assembled sequence. Comparative analysis with the(More)
Characterization of small RNAs from the filarial nematode Brugia malayi is the initial step in understanding their role in gene silencing. Both RNA cloning and bioinformatics were used to identify 32 microRNAs (miRNAs) belonging to 24 families. One family, miR-36 only occurs in helminths including B. malayi. Several of the miRNAs are arranged in clusters(More)
Human filarial parasites infect an estimated 120 million people in 80 countries worldwide causing blindness and the gross disfigurement of limbs and genitals. An understanding of RNA-mediated regulatory pathways in these parasites may open new avenues for treatment. Toward this goal, small RNAs from Brugia malayi adult females, males and microfilariae were(More)
In this study we developed and evaluated a Brugia Hha I repeat loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) assay for the rapid detection of Brugia genomic DNA. Amplification was detected using turbidity or fluorescence as readouts. Reactions generated a turbidity threshold value or a clear visual positive within 30 minutes using purified genomic DNA(More)
By using a murine monoclonal antibody produced against an IL 2-dependent human T cell line, we defined a T lineage-specific molecule, termed Ta1, that is expressed strongly on activated T lymphocytes of both the T4 and T8 subsets, as well as on T cell lines and clones, but only weakly on a fraction of resting T cells. SDS-PAGE analysis of immunoprecipitates(More)
An unusual antigen composed of tandemly repeated protein units was cloned from the filarial parasite Dirofilaria immitis. The antigen was initially identified by screening a lambda gt11 cDNA library with serum from dogs immunized with irradiated D. immitis third-stage larvae. DNA sequence analysis of the cDNA clone, Di5, revealed a continuous open reading(More)
Blisterase is a subtilisin-like proprotein convertase of nematodes. The enzyme is named after the blistered cuticle found in Caenorhabditis elegans with the bli-4 e937 mutation. The critical role of the enzyme in cuticle production makes it a potential drug target for parasitic nematodes. We have cloned and expressed blisterase from the parasitic nematode(More)
p19 RNA binding protein from the Carnation Italian ringspot virus (CIRV) is an RNA-silencing suppressor that binds small interfering RNA (siRNA) with high affinity. We created a bifunctional p19 fusion protein with an N-terminal maltose binding protein (MBP), for protein purification, and a C-terminal chitin binding domain (CBD) to bind p19 to chitin(More)
To obtain information about the structural basis for T-cell antigen recognition, a T3-associated Ti receptor molecule was isolated from crude membranes of the REX human thymic tumor line and purified by affinity chromatography with an anti- clonotypic monoclonal antibody in conjunction with preparative gel electrophoresis. NH2-terminal amino acid sequencing(More)
Filarial parasites are tissue-dwelling nematodes responsible for some of the most important neglected tropical diseases. All are transmitted by blood-sucking arthropod. Onchocerciasis and lymphatic filariasis in particular are the cause of much disfigurement and morbidity. Accurate parasite detection is essential for the success of filariasis control(More)