Catherine A. Thornton

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BACKGROUND Microbial products are of central interest in the modulation of allergic propensity. OBJECTIVE We sought to explore whether allergic children show differences in microbial Toll-like receptor (TLR)-mediated responses over their first 5 years of life. METHODS Mononuclear cells isolated from 35 allergic and 35 nonallergic children at birth and(More)
Planktonic flagellates and ciliates are the major consumers of phytoplankton and bacterioplankton in aquatic environments, playing a pivotal role in carbon cycling and nutrient regeneration. Despite certain unicellular predators using chemosensory responses to locate and select their prey, the biochemical mechanisms behind prey reception and selection have(More)
AIMS To investigate the relation between personal exposures to nitrogen dioxide, carbon monoxide, and PM(10), and exposures estimated from static concentrations of these pollutants measured within the same microenvironments, for healthy individuals and members of susceptible groups. METHODS Eleven healthy adult subjects and 18 members of groups more(More)
A number of laboratories have reported cord blood T cell responses to ubiquitous environmental Ags, including allergens, by proliferation and cytokine secretion. Moreover, the magnitude of these responses has been linked with risk for subsequent expression of allergy. These findings have been widely interpreted as evidence for transplacental priming and the(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES A reduced capacity of antigen presenting cells (APC) to provide pro-T helper 1 (Th1) signals, such as IL-12, to T cells during early life may be implicated in the development of T helper 2 (Th2)-mediated allergic disease. In this study we examined the relationships between the capacity for IL-12 responses in the neonatal period and(More)
Lactic acid bacteria and bifidobacteria are increasingly being administered to pregnant women and infants with the intention of improving health. Although these organisms have a long record of safe use, it is important to identify any adverse effects in potentially vulnerable populations. In a randomized, double-blinded, placebo-controlled trial, we(More)
The anti-inflammatory properties of n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (n-3 PUFA) have suggested a potential role of these nutrients in dietary modification for prevention of allergic disease in early life. As oxidative stress is known to modify antigen presenting cell (APC) signalling and resulting immune responses, we examined the effects of maternal n-3(More)
The mechanisms controlling innate microbial recognition in the neonatal gut are still to be fully understood. We have sought specific regulatory mechanisms operating in human breast milk relating to TLR-mediated microbial recognition. In this study, we report a specific and differential modulatory effect of early samples (days 1-5) of breast milk on(More)
BACKGROUND The role of regulatory T (Treg) cells in allergic predisposition is not known. OBJECTIVE This study compared the frequency and function of cord blood Treg cells from nonallergic children (n = 18) with those from children who have egg allergy (n = 15) in the first year of life. METHODS CD4(+) effector T cells and autologous antigen-presenting(More)
Inflammatory processes are involved in the initiation and maintenance of labor, suggesting that Toll-like receptor (TLR) activity within gestation-associated tissues, such as the placenta, might contribute to the process of parturition. Expression of transcripts for TLR1-TLR10 was examined in term (>37 wk of gestation) human placentas collected in the(More)