Catherine A. Sullivan

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Whole exome sequencing has proven to be a powerful tool for understanding the genetic architecture of human disease. Here we apply it to more than 2,500 simplex families, each having a child with an autistic spectrum disorder. By comparing affected to unaffected siblings, we show that 13% of de novo missense mutations and 43% of de novo likely(More)
Microvessel density may be one measure of tumor associated angiogenesis but is methodologically difficult to standardize and reproduce. We used our automated quantitative image analysis system, AQUA, to more objectively assess microvessel area. Cytokeratin and CD31 were used to create tumor and vessel compartments respectively with AQUA. Microvessel area(More)
Vascular endothelial growth factor has been shown to be up-regulated in breast cancers. Vascular endothelial growth factor receptors, VEGFR-1 and VEGFR-2, are the principal mediators of its effects. Together with VEGFR-1 and VEGFR-2, neuropilin-1 may act as a coreceptor for vascular endothelial growth factor. Although vascular endothelial growth factor(More)
The purpose of this study is to explore the relationship between tumor hypoxia assessed by CA IX protein expression and loss of BRCA1 function in triple negative breast cancer (TNBC). Protein expression of CA IX and BRCA1 was evaluated by AQUA™ technology on two breast cancer cohorts: an unselected cohort of 637 breast cancer patients and a TNBC cohort of(More)
After lactation, weaning causes mammary epithelial cell (MEC) apoptosis. MECs express the plasma membrane calcium-ATPase 2 (PMCA2), which transports calcium across the apical surface of the cells into milk. Here we show that PMCA2 is down-regulated early in mammary involution associated with changes in MEC shape. We demonstrate that loss of PMCA2 expression(More)
Whole-exome sequencing (WES) studies have demonstrated the contribution of de novo loss-of-function single-nucleotide variants (SNVs) to autism spectrum disorder (ASD). However, challenges in the reliable detection of de novo insertions and deletions (indels) have limited inclusion of these variants in prior analyses. By applying a robust indel detection(More)
Contactins and Contactin-Associated Proteins, and Contactin-Associated Protein-Like 2 (CNTNAP2) in particular, have been widely cited as autism risk genes based on findings from homozygosity mapping, molecular cytogenetics, copy number variation analyses, and both common and rare single nucleotide association studies. However, data specifically with regard(More)
In Japanese Americans, intra-abdominal fat area measured by computed tomography is positively associated with the prevalence and incidence of hypertension. Evidence in other populations suggests that other fat areas may be protective. We sought to determine whether a change in specific fat depots predicts the development of hypertension. We prospectively(More)
Parathyroid hormone-related protein (PTHrP) contributes to the development and metastatic progression of breast cancer by promoting hypercalcemia, tumor growth, and osteolytic bone metastases, but it is not known how PTHrP is upregulated in breast tumors. Here we report a central role in this process for the calcium-sensing receptor, CaSR, which enables(More)