Catherine A. Roberts

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The Hira gene encodes a nuclear WD40 domain protein homologous to the yeast transcriptional corepressors Hir1p and Hir2p. Using targeted mutagenesis we demonstrate that Hira is essential for murine embryogenesis. Analysis of inbred 129Sv embryos carrying the null mutation revealed an initial requirement during gastrulation, with many mutant embryos having a(More)
22q11 deletion syndrome (22q11DS) is characterised by aberrant development of the pharyngeal apparatus and the heart with haploinsufficiency of the transcription factor TBX1 being considered the major underlying cause of the disease. Tbx1 mutations in mouse phenocopy the disorder. In order to identify the transcriptional dysregulation in Tbx1-expressing(More)
The range of mandibular movements has been correlated with arthrographic findings of the temporomandibular joint in 205 patients. Abnormalities of meniscus position and function have been found to influence mandibular movements in characteristic patterns. However, altered mandibular movements alone are insufficient for a definitive clinical diagnosis of the(More)
BACKGROUND Retinoic acid is the bioactive derivative of vitamin A, which plays an indispensible role in kidney development by activating retinoic acid receptors. Although the location, concentration and roles of endogenous retinoic acid in post-natal kidneys are poorly defined, there is accumulating evidence linking post-natal vitamin A deficiency to(More)
We have determined whether changes in PCO(2) above and below eucapnia modulate the precision of the voluntary control of breathing. Twelve trained subjects performed a compensatory tracking task in which they had to maintain the position of a cursor (perturbed by a variable triangular forcing function) on a fixed target by breathing in and out of a(More)
The ventilatory responses to hypercapnia and hypoxia are reduced during sleep compared to wakefulness. However, sleep-related increases in upper airways' resistance could reduce these ventilatory responses independently of any change in the neural output to the respiratory pump muscles. It is therefore possible that respiratory chemosensitivity, per se, is(More)
Whole mount visualization of the embryonic coronary plexus from which the capillary and arterial networks will form is rendered problematic using standard microscopy techniques, due to the scattering of imaging light by the thick heart tissue, as these vessels are localized deep within the walls of the developing heart. As optical clearing of tissues using(More)