Catherine A. O'Brian

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The antiestrogen drug tamoxifen inhibits rat brain protein kinase C in vitro, whether the enzyme is activated by Ca2+ and phospholipid (50% inhibitory dose, 100 microM), 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate and phospholipid (50% inhibitory dose, 40 microM), or teleocidin and phospholipid. Tamoxifen does not inhibit the Ca2+- and phospholipid-independent(More)
The Ca2+- and phospholipid-dependent protein kinase, protein kinase C (PKC), is a critical enzyme in the regulation of cell growth. In this report, we demonstrate elevated expression of PKC activity in surgical specimens of eight of nine spontaneous human breast tumors, as compared with the expression of PKC activity in normal breast tissue obtained from(More)
Protein kinase C (PKC) isozymes are subject to inactivation by reactive oxygen species (ROS) through as yet undefined oxidative modifications of the isozyme structure. We previously reported that Cys-containing, Arg-rich peptide-substrate analogues spontaneously form disulfide-linked complexes with PKC isozymes, resulting in isozyme inactivation. This(More)
The HER-2/neu proto-oncogene encodes a transmembrane receptor protein whose expression is enhanced in a number of breast and ovarian tumors and correlates with tumor aggressiveness, suggesting that it may play an important role in tumor growth. Recent evidence suggests that HER-2/neu may be a potential candidate for targeted immune intervention. In this(More)
The Ca2+- and phospholipid-dependent phosphotransferase activity of protein kinase C was inhibited by the triphenylethylene compounds clomiphene [drug concentration causing 50% inhibition (IC50) = 25 microM], 4-hydroxytamoxifen (IC50 = 25 microM), and N-desmethyltamoxifen (IC50 = 8 microM). The Ca2+- and phospholipid-independent phosphorylation of protamine(More)
Protein kinase C (PKC) is a family of ten isozymes that play distinct and in some cases opposing roles in cell growth and survival. We recently reported that diamide, a diazene carbonyl derivative which oxidizes thiols to disulfides through addition/displacement reactions at the diazene bond, induces potent GSH-dependent inactivation of several PKC(More)
The purpose of these studies was to determine whether triggering murine peritoneal macrophages to a tumoricidal state by lipopolysaccharide (LPS) requires protein-tyrosine phosphorylation. The LPS-triggered activation of mouse macrophages to lyse syngeneic B16 melanoma cells was significantly inhibited in a dose-dependent manner by the protein-tyrosine(More)
Protein kinase C (PKC) is composed of a family of isozymes that transduce signals of certain hormones, growth factors, lectins, and neurotransmitters. This review addresses the role of PKC in the regulation of cellular proliferation and its disorders. PKC is directly activated in vivo by the second messenger diacylglycecrol, a lipid produced by(More)
The predominant characteristics of multidrug resistant (MDR) cancer cells are broad spectrum resistance to chemotherapeutic agents and a pronounced defect in intracellular accumulation of the drugs, in association with overexpression of the drug efflux pump P-glycoprotein. Protein kinase C (PKC) phosphorylates the linker region of P-glycoprotein. Evidence(More)
We determined the effects of organ environment on the response of murine CT-26 colon carcinoma cells to 2 structurally and pharmacologically distinct chemotherapeutic agents. CT-26 cells were injected i.v. (to produce lung lesions), s.c., into the cecal wall, and into the spleen (to produce spleen and liver lesions). Doxorubicin (DXR) at 10 mg/kg,(More)