Catherine A. Kettleborough

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The most virulent form of malaria is caused by waves of replication of blood stages of the protozoan pathogen Plasmodium falciparum. The parasite divides within an intraerythrocytic parasitophorous vacuole until rupture of the vacuole and host-cell membranes releases merozoites that invade fresh erythrocytes to repeat the cycle. Despite the importance of(More)
Erythrocyte invasion by the malaria merozoite is accompanied by the regulated discharge of apically located secretory organelles called micronemes. Plasmodium falciparum apical membrane antigen-1 (PfAMA-1), which plays an indispensable role in invasion, translocates from micronemes onto the parasite surface and is proteolytically shed in a soluble form(More)
A variety of G-protein-coupled receptor (GPCR) screening technologies have successfully partnered a number of GPCRs with their cognate ligands. GPCR-mediated β-arrestin recruitment is now recognized as a distinct intracellular signaling pathway, and ligand-receptor interactions may show a bias toward β-arrestin over classical GPCR signaling pathways. We(More)
A mouse monoclonal antibody (mAb 425) with therapeutic potential was 'humanized' in two ways. Firstly the mouse variable regions from mAb 425 were spliced onto human constant regions to create a chimeric 425 antibody. Secondly, the mouse complementarity-determining regions (CDRs) from mAb 425 were grafted into human variable regions, which were then joined(More)
The genes for the large and small subunits of ribulose bisphosphate carboxylase/oxygenase (Rubisco) from Anacystis nidulans have been expressed in Escherichia coli under the control of the lac promoter to produce active enzyme. The enzyme can be purified from the cells to yield up to 200 mg Rubisco/l cultured bacteria, and is indistinguishable from the(More)
Antibodies to DNA are believed to play an important role in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). High affinity IgG antibodies which show marked specificity for double stranded DNA (dsDNA) are particularly closely linked to the occurrence and severity of tissue damage. Sequence analysis of mouse and human monoclonal antibodies has previously suggested that(More)
PknB is an essential serine/threonine kinase of Mycobacterium tuberculosis with possible roles in a number of signalling pathways involved in cell division and metabolism. We screened a library of >50,000 compounds for inhibitors of the in vitro phosphorylation of GarA (Rv1827) by PknB and identified a number of inhibitors. A program of synthetic medicinal(More)
We have optimized primers for cloning libraries of murine heavy and light chain variable regions using the polymerase chain reaction. Since we are interested in cloning murine Fab fragments for expression in bacterial cells, the heavy chain primers were designed to clone Fd fragments comprising the heavy chain variable domain and the first domain of the IgG(More)
To combat drug resistance, new chemical entities are urgently required for use in next generation anti-malarial combinations. We report here the results of a medicinal chemistry programme focused on an imidazopyridine series targeting the Plasmodium falciparum cyclic GMP-dependent protein kinase (PfPKG). The most potent compound (ML10) has an IC50 of 160 pM(More)
Enhanced expression of epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) occurs on a variety of malignant tissues thus making anti-EGFR antibodies possible agents for the diagnosis and therapy of human tumors. Standard hybridoma technology has been used successfully to isolate anti-EGFR antibodies from immunized mice and rats. This report demonstrates that(More)