Catherine A. Heaney

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OBJECTIVE To evaluate the current epidemiological evidence linking psychosocial work characteristics with low back pain. BACKGROUND Psychosocial work characteristics have been widely evaluated as potential risk factors for low back injury. However, studies with different study populations and using various types of measures have had conflicting results.(More)
We examined the influence of social and cultural contexts on participation in recommended levels of physical activity (PA) among African American women using a grounded theory approach. Data were collected through in-depth interviews and focus groups with 15 physically active African American women. Participants described social and cultural factors that(More)
STUDY DESIGN The effects of psychosocial stress on muscle activity and spinal loading were evaluated in a laboratory setting. OBJECTIVE To evaluate the influence of psychosocial stress, gender, and personality traits on the functioning of the biomechanical system and subsequent spine loading. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA Physical, psychosocial, and(More)
The goal of occupational safety and health intervention effectiveness research is to determine whether specific interventions work to prevent work-related injury and illness. But that is not the whole story. It is also important that the development and implementation of the intervention be evaluated. All three phases (development, implementation, and(More)
BACKGROUND The high incidence of musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs) among healthcare workers suggests that the introduction of ergonomic interventions could be beneficial. While laboratory studies have clearly documented the efficacy of ergonomic devices, few studies have examined their effectiveness in the healthcare workplace. METHODS This study evaluated(More)
The barriers to the use of theory in health education practice are addressed by exposing common misperceptions of the nature and usefulness of theory. First, the mystique of theory is addressed through a discussion of theory development and the roots of theory in everyday experience. Two characteristics of theory, generalizability across settings or(More)
This study examines the relationship of positive and negative perceptions of smoking to self-reported readiness to quit smoking among Southeast (SE) Asian males of Cambodian, Laotian or Vietnamese descent. In order to investigate this relationship, measures of decisional balance constructs (i.e. the pros and cons of smoking) appropriate for these ethnic(More)
Work conditions characterized by uncertainty and ambiguity are potential stressors for employees. One such stressor is job insecurity. This longitudinal study of 207 automobile manufacturing workers indicates that chronic job insecurity is predictive of changes over time in both job satisfaction and physical symptoms. Extended periods of job insecurity(More)
BACKGROUND Biomechanical, psychosocial and individual risk factors for low back disorder have been studied extensively however few researchers have examined all three risk factors. The objective of this was to develop a low back disorder risk model in furniture distribution workers using biomechanical, psychosocial and individual risk factors. METHODS(More)
OBJECTIVE This study explores the extent to which the constructs of social support and social connectedness differ in terms of their associations with the structural characteristics of social networks and the health status of older adults. METHOD Trained interviewers conducted 126 face-to-face interviews with community-dwelling older adults aged 65 to 85(More)