Catherine A Geissler

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Single-dose oral administration of 100 mg caffeine increased the resting metabolic rate of both lean and postobese human volunteers by 3-4% (p less than 0.02) over 150 min and improved the defective diet-induced thermogenesis observed in the postobese subjects. Measurements of energy expenditure (EE) in a room respirometer indicate that repeated caffeine(More)
The effect of dietary intake of flavonols (predominantly quercetin) on oxidative DNA damage was studied in thirty-six healthy human subjects (sixteen men, twenty women). The study was a randomised crossover study, comprising two 14 d treatments of either a low-flavonol (LF) or high-flavonol (HF) diet with a 14 d wash-out period between treatments. Subjects(More)
One hundred and seventy-two 0.5-3.0-year-old children in a mountainous area of northern Hebei Province of China were randomly assigned to a vitamin A supplementation group (n = 98) or a control group (n = 74) for a 1 year double-blind study. Capsules containing 200,000 IU vitamin A and 40 IU vitamin E were given to the children in the experimental group 3(More)
Sex-specific mortality rates for selected cancer sites (including oesophagus, stomach, liver, lung, colorectum, breast and cervix) and a variety of biochemical indicators of antioxidant status, enzyme activity and oxidative stress (including plasma levels of beta-carotene, alpha-tocopherol, ascorbic acid, selenium, glutathione peroxidase, catalase,(More)
This article is a summary of the publication "Iron and Health" by the Scientific Advisory Committee on Nutrition (SACN) to the U.K. Government (2010), which reviews the dietary intake of iron and the impact of different dietary patterns on the nutritional and health status of the U.K. population. It concludes that several uncertainties make it difficult to(More)
The assumption is currently made by international organisations that individuals of the same size living in the same environment and having the same mode of living will have the same energy requirements whatever their race. Reports of very low energy intakes are frequently doubted. To investigate possible racial differences the energy cost of standardised(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine whether or not aspirin further potentiates the greater post-prandial thermogenesis induced by ephedrine with caffeine. DESIGN Determination of the acute metabolic rate response to the following treatments: 1050 kJ liquid meal (M); meal plus ephedrine (30 mg) and caffeine (100 mg) (MEC) or meal plus ephedrine, caffeine and aspirin(More)
To assess whether long-term habitual exercise affects energy expenditure even on a nontraining day, 24-h energy expenditure (24-h EE) and metabolic rate of sedentary, moderately active, and highly active males (n = 10 per matched group), were measured in a room respirometer on two separate occasions: sedentary and standardized mild-exercise protocols.(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIMS During the long-term treatment of patients with hereditary haemochromatosis (HH) the authors observed that proton pump inhibitors (PPI) reduced the requirement for maintenance phlebotomy. Gastric acid plays a crucial role in non-haem iron absorption and the authors performed a case review and intervention study to investigate if(More)