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Health-related quality of life (HRQOL) is diminished in patients infected with both hepatitis C virus (HCV) and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), but the effect of HIV/HCV coinfection on HRQOL is unknown. We compared the HRQOL of urban HIV/HCV coinfected patients with that of patients infected with either HCV or HIV alone. We then compared the 3 groups(More)
OBJECTIVES Noninvasive markers of liver fibrosis correlate with the stage of liver fibrosis, but have not been widely applied to predict liver-related mortality. METHODS We assessed the ability of two indices of liver fibrosis, aspartate aminotransferase (AST)-to-platelet ratio index (APRI) and Fib-4, and two markers of extracellular matrix metabolism,(More)
One hundred eighty human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)- and hepatitis C virus (HCV)-coinfected patients were prospectively evaluated for suitability for interferon and ribavirin therapy. Of the 149 patients with chronic HCV infection who completed the evaluation, 44 (30%) were eligible for treatment and 105 (70%) were ineligible, with the main barriers being(More)
BACKGROUND Noninvasive markers of hepatic fibrosis hold great promise to stage liver fibrosis and to monitor disease progression. To date, few studies have assessed the performance of the currently available markers of hepatic fibrosis in HIV-infected cohorts. The aim of the current study was to compare the diagnostic performance and characteristics of a(More)
Inappropriate benzodiazepine dosing in patients exhibiting signs of alcohol withdrawal cause staff and patient safety problems. Our primary goal was to develop an alcohol withdrawal protocol based on objective measures, and then to coordinate benzodiazepine dosing with those measures and improve care of the patient withdrawing from alcohol. A secondary goal(More)
Despite an increased understanding of the pathogenesis of NP and advances in diagnosis and treatment, the risk, cost, morbidity, and mortality of NP remain unacceptably high. This article has identified strategic areas for primary and secondary prophylaxis that are simple and cost-effective. Realizing that the pathogenesis of NP requires bacterial(More)
Persons with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and hepatitis C virus (HCV) coinfection are at increased risk for progression to cirrhosis compared with persons with HCV alone, but the reasons for this are unclear. In chronic HCV, the mechanism of liver injury is presumed to be due to HCV-specific T cell destruction of hepatocytes, so it is paradoxical that(More)
We estimate that only one-third of patients coinfected with hepatitis C virus (HCV) and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) are eligible for therapy for HCV with interferon (IFN) and ribavirin, and, of those who are eligible, two-thirds decline treatment. To date we have initiated treatment with IFN and ribavirin for 8% of coinfected patients evaluated, and(More)
OBJECTIVE The objective of this study was to estimate the cost and cost-effectiveness of opportunistic screening for Chlamydia trachomatis in Ireland. METHODS Prospective cost analysis of an opportunistic screening programme delivered jointly in three types of healthcare facility in Ireland. Incremental cost-effectiveness analysis was performed using an(More)