Catherine A. Bonham

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OBJECTIVE To evaluate the long-term survival outcomes of a large cohort of liver transplant recipients and to identify static and changing factors that influenced these outcomes over time. SUMMARY BACKGROUND DATA Liver transplantation has been accepted as a therapeutic option for patients with end-stage liver disease since 1983, with continual(More)
Nitric oxide (NO) is an important effector molecule that is involved in immune regulation and host defense. In this study, highly purified NLDC 145+ (DEC-205+) MHC class II(bright) B7-2+ dendritic cells (DC) propagated from normal mouse bone marrow in response to granulocyte-macrophage CSF + IL-4 were induced to produce NO by IFN-gamma and LPS. NO(More)
BACKGROUND The shortage of donor organs occasionally mandates the use of hepatic allografts from anti-HBc+ donors in recipients who are susceptible to de novo hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection. The efficacy of hepatitis B immune globulin and lamivudine to prevent de novo HBV infection in anti-HBs negative recipients of allografts from anti-HBc+ donors has(More)
Tacrolimus, formerly known as FK506, is a macrolide antibiotic with immunosuppressive properties. Although structurally unrelated to cyclosporin A (CsA), its mode of action is similar. It exerts its effects principally through impairment of gene expression in target cells. Tacrolimus bonds to an immunophilin, FK506 binding protein (FKBP). This complex(More)
Solid organ transplantations have been performed successfully in selected HIV-positive patients with highly active antiretrovirus therapy (HAART). However, some of the medications in the HAART regimen require metabolism via the cytochrome P4503A, the same enzyme complex responsible for clearance of the calcineurin inhibitors cyclosporine and tacrolimus.(More)
BACKGROUND Severe sepsis is a common and costly problem. Although consistently defined clinically by consensus conference since 1991, there have been several different implementations of the severe sepsis definition using ICD-9-CM codes for research. We conducted a single center, patient-level validation of 1 common implementation of the severe sepsis(More)
BACKGROUND Our organ procurement organization has been forced to liberalize the donor criteria in order to expand the donor pool for pancreas transplantation. In this report, we describe our experience using whole organ pancreatic grafts from "marginal" donors, which include grafts obtained from donors over 45 years of age and from donors who were(More)
Dendritic cells (DC) are highly specialized antigen-presenting cells (APC) that initiate and modulate immune responses. They are essential for naive T cell activation, but may also play roles both in central and peripheral tolerance. Blockade of costimulatory pathways that provide the crucial second signal for lymphocyte activation is one strategy to(More)
Transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-beta) exhibits strong antiproliferative effects upon lymphocytes and inhibits many of the effector functions of activated immune cells. However, its influence on the inductive phase of immune responses, and in particular its effect on antigen-presenting cells (APC), has not been well studied. In this investigation, we(More)
Bone marrow-derived dendritic cells (DCs) can be genetically engineered using adenoviral (Ad) vectors to express immunosuppressive molecules that promote T cell unresponsiveness. The success of these DCs for therapy of allograft rejection has been limited in part by the potential of the adenovirus to promote DC maturation and the inherent ability of the DC(More)