Catherine A. Adams

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Sixty-one children, aged 3.6-5.0, with developmental phonological disorders (PD) participated in a study comparing the effects of metaphonologically (MET) or articulation-based (ART) therapy. Maturational effects were controlled for by the inclusion of 59 normally speaking control children of the same age range. Measures of phonological (speech) output and(More)
BACKGROUND Psychosocial treatments are the mainstay of management of autism in the UK but there is a notable lack of a systematic evidence base for their effectiveness. Randomised controlled trial (RCT) studies in this area have been rare but are essential because of the developmental heterogeneity of the disorder. We aimed to test a new theoretically based(More)
Since its founding, NASA has been dedicated to the advancement of aeronautics and space science. The NASA Scientific and Technical Information (STI) Program Office plays a key part in helping NASA maintain this important role. The NASA STI Program Office is operated by Langley Research Center, the lead center for NASA's scientific and technical information.(More)
BACKGROUND The assessment of pragmatics expressed in spoken language is a central issue in the evaluation of children with communication impairments and related disorders. A developmental approach to assessment has remained problematic due to the complex interaction of social, linguistic, cognitive and cultural influences on pragmatics. METHOD A selective(More)
BACKGROUND Social communication problems in individuals who have Asperger syndrome constitute one of the most significant problems in the syndrome. This study makes a systematic analysis of the difficulties demonstrated with the use of language (pragmatics) in adolescents who have Asperger syndrome. METHOD Recent advances in discourse analysis were(More)
OBJECTIVE The purpose of the investigation was to determine whether a group of children with specific language impairments (SLI) have reduced peripheral auditory processes thought to be associated with speech-in-noise intelligibility. DESIGN Transient evoked otoacoustic emissions (TEOAE) and their suppression by the efferent activity of the medial(More)
The aim of this study was to compare the degree of frequency separation that is required between tones to generate mismatch negativity (MMN) in a group of children with specific language impairment (SLI) and a comparison group, who had their temporal processing abilities assessed in a previous experiment. Using a 1000Hz standard (85%) and 1020, 1050, and(More)
BACKGROUND Developmental disorders of language and communication present considerable diagnostic challenges due to overlapping of symptomatology and uncertain aetiology. We aimed to further elucidate the behavioural and linguistic profile associated with impairments of social communication occurring outside of an autism diagnosis. METHODS Six to eleven(More)
BACKGROUND Semantic and inferencing abilities have not been fully examined in children with communication difficulties. AIMS To investigate the inferential and semantic abilities of children with communication difficulties using newly designed tasks. METHODS & PROCEDURES Children with different types of communication disorder were compared with each(More)
BACKGROUND Children with language impairments have difficulty in reporting verbal inferences, but it is unclear whether the source of this problem lies in limitations of language comprehension, an inability to access world knowledge, or the integration of information in discourse. Children with pragmatic language impairments (CwPLI) are often described as(More)