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Cytotoxic lymphocytes (CLs) induce caspase activation and apoptosis of target cells either through Fas activation or through release of granule cytotoxins, particularly granzyme B. CLs themselves(More)
Serine proteinase inhibitors (serpins) are classically regulators of extracellular proteolysis, however, recent evidence suggests that some function intracellularly. Such "ovalbumin" serpins include(More)
Proteinase inhibitor 9 (PI-9) is a 42-kDa human intracellular serpin present in cytotoxic lymphocytes (CLs). PI-9 is an extremely efficient inhibitor of the pro-apoptotic CL granule proteinase(More)
Granzyme B (grB) is a serine proteinase released by cytotoxic lymphocytes (CLs) to kill abnormal cells. GrB-mediated apoptotic pathways are conserved in nucleated cells; hence, CLs require mechanisms(More)