Catharine M. West

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A study was made of the prognostic value of pretreatment measurements of tumour radiosensitivity (surviving fraction at 2 Gy, SF2) in 128 patients with stage I-III carcinomas of the uterine cervix undergoing radiotherapy. The median follow-up time was 47 months. In a univariate analysis stratifying patients according to the median value, radiosensitivity(More)
The intrinsic radiosensitivity of cervical carcinoma has been measured using a soft agar clonogenic assay. All patients received radical radiotherapy alone with a minimum of 2 years post-treatment follow-up. Only women with stage I, II and III disease were included in the analysis. Values for cell surviving fraction at 2 Gy (SF2) were obtained for 88(More)
PURPOSE Vaults are multi-subunit structures that may be involved in nucleo-cytoplasmic transport, with the major vault protein (MVP or lung resistance-related protein [LRP]) being the main component. The MVP gene is located on chromosome 16 close to the multidrug resistance-associated protein and protein kinase c-beta genes. The role of MVP in cancer drug(More)
We have investigated the effects on breast cancer cell growth of 4-hydroxytamoxifen (4OHT), a conventional antioestrogen with agonist activity, and 7 alpha-[9-(4,4,5,5,5-pentafluoropentylsulphinyl)nonyl]oestra- 1,3,5,(10)- triene-3,17 beta-diol (ICI 182780), a novel, pure antioestrogen, using established human breast cancer cell lines and cancer cells(More)
In this mini-review, we discuss the physiological and pathological roles of lysyl oxidase (LOX) and its family, LOX-like proteins (LOXL), in relation to prognosis of major cancers. The number of reports on LOX family is numerous. We have decided to review the articles that were recently published (i.e. past 5 years). Experimental techniques in molecular(More)
Receptor tyrosine kinase pathways are potential therapeutic targets in gastric adenocarcinoma patients. We evaluated HER2 and cMet protein expression, and FGFR2 gene amplification to assess their prognostic significance, and downstream mediators pS6 and pERK for their potential utility as pharmacodynamic biomarkers in patients with gastric adenocarcinoma.(More)
Intra-tumoural heterogeneity of proliferation has been assessed by taking multiple biopsies from 30 colorectal cancers. Following in vivo IUDR labelling, dual parameter flow cytometry was used to measure tumour DNA index (DI) and labelling index (LI) and to derive DNA synthesis time (Ts) and potential doubling time (Tpot). Heterogeneity was seen for all(More)
A study was made of the relationship between the intrinsic radiosensitivity of human cervical tumours and the expression of the DNA repair enzyme human apurinic/apyrimidinic endonuclease (HAP1). The radiosensitivity of clonogenic cells in tumour biopsies was measured as surviving fraction at 2 Gy (SF2) using a soft agar assay. HAP1 expression levels were(More)
An assessment has been made of the reproducibility of measuring tumour proliferation using in vivo iododeoxyuridine (IUdR) labelling and flow cytometry. The variation that occurs between different institutions (Paterson Institute for Cancer Research, Manchester and the Gray Laboratory, Northwood), different observers and different runs on the same flow(More)
The problem of relying solely on in vitro data to predict photosensitiser efficacy was demonstrated by examining the uptake and the ability to mediate photocytotoxicity of mono-, di-, tri- and tetra-sulphonated species of chloroaluminium phthalocyanine (AlS1-4Pc) in monolayer cultures of murine Colo 26 cells and in both monolayer and spheroid cultures of(More)