Catharine M. Chisholm

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BACKGROUND Glaucoma is a progressive eye disease and a leading cause of visual disability. Automated assessment of the visual field determines the different stages in the disease process: it would be desirable to link these measurements taken in the clinic with patient's actual function, or establish if patients compensate for their restricted field of view(More)
PURPOSE The study of peripheral refractive error is of growing interest as degradation of the retinal image quality in the periphery is known to affect central refractive error development and ocular shape in animal models. The purpose of this study was to measure peripheral refraction across the horizontal, vertical, and two oblique meridians in a group of(More)
BACKGROUND All forms of corneal refractive surgery can sometimes cause an increase in optical aberrations and scattered light, which can affect visual performance. The purpose of this study was to develop a suitable test that was sensitive to retinal image degradation in subjects who have undergone excimer laser refractive surgery and that was also relevant(More)
The effects of glaucoma on binocular visual sensitivity for the detection of various stimulus attributes are investigated at the fovea and in four paracentral retinal regions. The study employed a number of visual stimuli designed to isolate the processing of various stimulus attributes. We measured absolute contrast detection thresholds and functional(More)
PURPOSE This study describes the axial and peripheral dimensions of myopic and emmetropic eyes in a wide range of retinal locations using a non-contact optical biometer (Zeiss IOLMaster) based upon the principle of partial coherence interferometry. Understanding the optical properties of the peripheral eye may provide insight into myopia development and the(More)
PURPOSE Interest in peripheral refraction measurement has grown in recent years in response to the insight it may provide into myopia development. In light of the likely increase in the clinical use of open-field autorefractors for peripheral refraction measurements, the question of instrument alignment and its impact on the accuracy of refraction(More)
BACKGROUND The binocular Esterman visual field test (EVFT) is the current visual field test for driving in the UK. Merging of monocular field tests (Integrated Visual Field, IVF) has been proposed as an alternative for glaucoma patients. AIMS To examine the level of agreement between the EVFT and IVF for patients with binocular paracentral scotomata,(More)
OBJECTIVES Poor knowledge of eye health, concerns about the cost of spectacles, mistrust of optometrists and limited geographical access in socio-economically deprived areas are barriers to accessing regular eye examinations and result in low uptake and subsequent late presentation to ophthalmology clinics. Personal Medical Services (PMS) were introduced in(More)
Inclusion of public service professions in the UK Disability Discrimination Act in 2004 prompted a review of occupational colour vision requirements for police officers. Changes in the regulations which existed prior to 2003 were proposed. The aim of this study was to obtain the views of serving police officers in Northern Ireland on the importance of good(More)
PURPOSE Myopia is known to degrade visual performance with both optical and retinal changes implicated. Whether contact lenses or spectacles provide better visual performance for myopes is still under debate. The purpose of this study was to examine central and peripheral visual function in myopic subjects corrected with contact lenses versus spectacles. (More)