Catharina W. Wieland

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BACKGROUND Toll-like receptors (TLRs) are essential in host defense against pathogens by virtue of their capacity to detect microbes and initiate the immune response. TLR2 is seen as the most important receptor for gram-positive bacteria, while TLR4 is regarded as the gram-negative TLR. Melioidosis is a severe infection caused by the gram-negative(More)
Mechanical ventilation (MV) has the potential to worsen pre-existing lung injury or even to initiate lung injury. Moreover, it is thought that injurious MV contributes to the overwhelming inflammatory response seen in patients with acute lung injury or acute respiratory distress syndrome. Ventilator-induced lung injury (VILI) is characterized by increased(More)
BACKGROUND Toll-like receptors (TLRs) have a central role in the recognition of pathogens and the initiation of the innate immune response. Myeloid differentiation primary-response gene 88 (MyD88) and TIR-domain-containing adaptor protein inducing IFNbeta (TRIF) are regarded as the key signaling adaptor proteins for TLRs. Melioidosis, which is endemic in(More)
BACKGROUND Bacterial products add to mechanical ventilation in enhancing lung injury. The role of endogenous triggers of innate immunity herein is less well understood. S100A8/A9 proteins are released by phagocytes during inflammation. The present study investigates the role of S100A8/A9 proteins in ventilator-induced lung injury. METHODS Pulmonary(More)
Thrombomodulin (TM) plays an essential role in the generation of activated protein C (APC), a mediator with both anticoagulant and anti-inflammatory properties, and is preferentially expressed in lungs. To investigate the role of TM in the coagulant and inflammatory response in the lung during tuberculosis, mice with a mutation in the TM gene (Thbd), which(More)
Mycobacterium kansasii has emerged as an important nontuberculous mycobacterium that can cause severe infection in the immunocompromised host, especially in human immunodeficiency virus-infected patients. However, little is known about the pathogenesis of this infection. Because patients suffering from M. kansasii infection are severely compromised in their(More)
Non-mannose-capped lipoarabinomannan (AraLAM) is part of the cell membrane of atypical mycobacteria. To determine the capacity of AraLAM to induce lung inflammation in vivo and to determine the signaling receptors involved herein, wild-type (WT) mice, lipopolysaccharide binding protein knockout mice, CD14-deficient (CD14 KO) mice, Toll-like receptor (TLR) 4(More)
BACKGROUND Pneumonia represents a major health burden. Previous work demonstrated that although the induction of inflammation is important for adequate host defense against pneumonia, an inability to regulate the host's inflammatory response within the lung later during infection can be detrimental. Intracellular signaling pathways commonly rely on(More)
INTRODUCTION Uric acid released from injured tissue is considered a major endogenous danger signal and local instillation of uric acid crystals induces acute lung inflammation via activation of the NLRP3 inflammasome. Ventilator-induced lung injury (VILI) is mediated by the NLRP3 inflammasome and increased uric acid levels in lung lavage fluid are reported.(More)