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BACKGROUND Enteroendocrine (EE) cells are necessary for the regulation of gastrointestinal function. The lack of intestinal enteroendocrine cells in enteroendocrine cell dysgenesis causes severe malabsorptive diarrhea. Autoimmune-polyendocrinopathy-candidiasis-ectodermal-dystrophy (APECED) is often accompanied by gastrointestinal (GI) symptoms. AIMS We(More)
Combined immunodeficiencies with impaired numbers and function of T- and B-cells can be attributed to defects in the recombinase activating genes (RAG). The products of these genes, the RAG1 and 2 proteins, are key players in the V(D)J recombination process leading to the assembly of antigen receptor genes. Complete RAG deficiency (RAGD) with no V(D)J (<1%(More)
Immunodeficiency with centromeric instability and facial anomalies (ICF) syndrome is a primary immunodeficiency, predominantly characterized by agammaglobulinemia or hypoimmunoglobulinemia, centromere instability and facial anomalies. Mutations in two genes have been discovered to cause ICF syndrome: DNMT3B and ZBTB24. To characterize the clinical features(More)
A number of primary immunodeficiencies are associated with autoimmune phenomena, e.g. Wiskott-Aldrich Syndrome, Common Variable Immunodeficiency and Hyper-IgM Syndrome. The common denominator is a dysregulation of immune responses affecting T and B cells with central and/or peripheral tolerance mechanisms being disturbed. Autoimmunity and autoinflammation(More)
OBJECTIVE Cryopyrin-associated periodic syndrome (CAPS) is a heterogeneous group of diseases characterized by excessive IL-1β release resulting in severe systemic and organ inflammation. Canakinumab targets IL-1β and is approved at standard dose for children and adults with all CAPS phenotypes. Limited data are available for the real-life effectiveness of(More)
We describe three unrelated girls who had an immunodeficiency disease with granulomas in the skin, mucous membranes, and internal organs. All three girls had severe complications after viral infections, including B-cell lymphoma associated with Epstein-Barr virus (EBV). Other findings were hypogammaglobulinemia, a diminished number of T and B cells, and(More)
Autosomal-recessive immunodeficiency, centromeric instability, and facial anomalies (ICF) syndrome is mainly characterized by recurrent, often fatal, respiratory and gastrointestinal infections. About 50% of patients carry mutations in the DNA methyltransferase 3B gene (DNMT3B) (ICF1). The remaining patients carry unknown genetic defects (ICF2) but share(More)
Autosomal-recessive hyper-IgE syndrome (AR-HIES) is a combined immunodeficiency recently found to be associated with mutations of DOCK8. Clinically, this disorder is characterized beside recurrent bacterial complications, in particular by an unusual susceptibility to extensive cutaneous viral complications and by a high risk for squamous cell carcinoma.(More)
BACKGROUND PRKDC encodes for DNA-dependent protein kinase catalytic subunit (DNA-PKcs), a kinase that forms part of a complex (DNA-dependent protein kinase [DNA-PK]) crucial for DNA double-strand break repair and V(D)J recombination. In mice DNA-PK also interacts with the transcription factor autoimmune regulator (AIRE) to promote central T-cell tolerance.(More)
Plasmacytoid dendritic cell (PDC)-derived IFN-alpha plays a central role in antiviral defense and in Th1-driven autoimmune diseases, such as systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). In the current study, we explored how PGE2 effects the phenotype of PDCs from healthy and SLE subjects. Although PGE2 is considered to mediate mainly proinflammatory effects, we show(More)