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BACKGROUND Since the early 1980s, imaging techniques have enabled population-based studies of intracerebral haemorrhage. We aimed to assess the incidence, case fatality, and functional outcome of intracerebral haemorrhage in relation to age, sex, ethnic origin, and time period in studies published since 1980. METHODS From PubMed and Embase searches with(More)
BACKGROUND Ischaemic stroke is an important cause of death and dependency in industrialised countries; it has a high incidence (affecting up to 0.2% of the population each year) and is commonly lethal or disabling. One in six patients die in the first month after ischaemic stroke, and half of survivors are permanently disabled despite best efforts to(More)
BACKGROUND The clinical benefit of preventive eradication of unruptured brain arteriovenous malformations remains uncertain. A Randomised trial of Unruptured Brain Arteriovenous malformations (ARUBA) aims to compare the risk of death and symptomatic stroke in patients with an unruptured brain arteriovenous malformation who are allocated to either medical(More)
PURPOSE We assessed test-retest variability of cerebral blood flow (CBF), cerebral blood volume (CBV), cerebral metabolic rate of oxygen (CMRO(2)), and oxygen extraction fraction (OEF) measurements derived from dynamic (15)O positron emission tomography (PET) scans. PROCEDURES In seven healthy volunteers, complete test-retest (15)O PET studies were(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Moyamoya disease (MMD) is a rare cause of stroke, initially described in Japan. In other countries, incidences and presenting symptoms may differ from those in Japan. The literature on regional differences in incidence and patient characteristics of MMD was systematically reviewed. METHODS Medline, EMBASE and CINAHL were searched(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Chronic ocular ischemia is a rare form of ischemia of the eye in patients with carotid artery occlusion (CAO). The early and often asymptomatic stage of chronic ocular ischemia is referred to as venous stasis retinopathy (VSR). The aim of this study was to gain insight into the prevalence, cause, and outcome of VSR in patients with(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate the histopathologic substrate of microbleeds detected on 7T postmortem MRI in autopsy cases with severe cerebral amyloid angiopathy (CAA) and Alzheimer pathology. METHODS Five decedents (mean age at death 79.6 ± 5.7 years) with documented severe CAA and Alzheimer pathology on standard neuropathologic examination were selected from(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE We sought to investigate the relation between collateral flow via different pathways and hemodynamic parameters measured by dynamic susceptibility contrast-enhanced MRI in patients with severe carotid artery disease. METHODS Dynamic susceptibility contrast-enhanced MRI was performed in 66 patients and 33 control subjects. Patients(More)
Spontaneous (non-traumatic) intracerebral haemorrhage (ICH) has a high case-fatality and leaves many survivors disabled. Clinical characteristics and outcome seem to vary according to the cause of ICH, but population-based comparisons are scarce. We studied two prospective, population-based cohorts to determine differences in outcome [case-fatality and(More)
The objective of this study was to evaluate the role of collateral blood flow via the anterior and posterior communicating arteries (ACoA and PCoA) and via the ophthalmic artery (OphA) on cerebral hemodynamics, metabolism, and border zone infarcts in 57 patients with unilateral symptomatic occlusions of the internal carotid artery. Collateral flow via the(More)