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Previously reported better fertilization rate after intracytoplasmic single sperm injection (ICSI) than after subzonal insemination of several spermatozoa was confirmed in a controlled comparison of the two procedures in 11 patients. Intracytoplasmic sperm injection was carried out in 150 consecutive treatment cycles of 150 infertile couples, who had failed(More)
BACKGROUND It is generally accepted that the age-related increased aneuploidy rate is correlated with reduced implantation and a higher abortion rate. Therefore, advanced maternal age (AMA) couples are a good target group to assess the possible benefit of preimplantation genetic diagnosis for aneuploidy screening (PGD-AS) on the outcome after assisted(More)
Preimplantation genetic screening is being scrutinized, as recent randomized clinical trials failed to observe the expected significant increase in live birth rates following fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH)-based screening. Although these randomized clinical trials are criticized on their design, skills or premature stop, it is generally believed(More)
Successful application of in-vitro fertilization (IVF), zygote intra-Fallopian transfer (ZIFT) and gamete intra-Fallopian transfer (GIFT) requires ovarian hyperstimulation for the maturation of multiple follicles. To control the risk of multiple pregnancies, the number of gametes (GIFT) or embryos (IVF, ZIFT) replaced is limited to three. For the(More)
Genomic imbalances are a major cause of constitutional and acquired disorders. Therefore, aneuploidy screening has become the cornerstone of preimplantation, prenatal and postnatal genetic diagnosis, as well as a routine aspect of the diagnostic workup of many acquired disorders. Recently, array comparative genomic hybridization (array CGH) has been(More)
BACKGROUND Preimplantation genetic diagnosis or screening (PGD, PGS) involves embryo biopsy on Day 3. Opting for one- or two-cell biopsy is a balance between the lowest risk for misdiagnosis on the one hand and the highest chance for a pregnancy on the other hand. METHODS A prospective controlled trial was designed and 592 ICSI cycles were randomly(More)
Preimplantation genetic diagnosis (PGD) can be offered as an alternative to prenatal diagnosis (PND) to couples at risk of having a child with a genetic disease. The affected embryos are detected before implantation by fluorescent in situ hybridisation (FISH) for sexing (X-linked diseases) and chromosomal disorders (numerical and structural) or by(More)
In this study we describe the pre-clinical development and clinical application of preimplantation genetic diagnosis (PGD) by fluorescence in-situ hybridization (FISH) for two non-related carriers (one male and one female) of the most common balanced reciprocal translocation: t(11;22)(q25;q12). For the couple with the female carrier, enumeration of the sex(More)
In the first study, we evaluated 101 oocytes [2, 4, 6, 8, 16, 18 and 20 h after intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI)] that had been microinjected with testicular spermatozoa. Of the 70 normally fertilized oocytes (69%) 30 (43%) had two pronuclei by 6 h after ICSI. Fifty-one (73%) by 8 h, 69 (99%) by 16 h and four of them by 20 h cleaved to the 2-cell(More)
OBJECTIVE To study the relationship between the quality of the transferred embryos and the occurrence of multiple pregnancies. Embryo quality was defined by the cleavage rate and by morphological parameters such as blastomere size and the presence or absence of anucleate fragments. DESIGN A retrospective analysis of 1,915 consecutive transfers of fresh(More)