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Sociodemographic and epidemiological data collected on a rural population of the Ziguinchor region of Senegal showed that a large part of the adult population, 80% of women between 15 and 24 years old and 82% of men between 20 and 40 years old, move each year on seasonal labor migrations to the main cities of Senegal or the Gambia or their proximity. In(More)
The 2009 European Guidelines on Diagnosis and Treatment of Pulmonary Hypertension have been adopted for Germany. The guidelines contain detailed recommendations for the diagnosis of pulmonary hypertension. However, the practical implementation of the European Guidelines in Germany requires the consideration of several country-specific issues and already(More)
Pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) is a devastating disease that is characterised by a progressive increase in pulmonary vascular resistance (PVR), chronic right heart failure and premature death. Pulmonary hypertension (PH) is defined by a mean pulmonary artery pressure (P ¯ pa) o25 mmHg at rest, and the haemodynamic definition discerns pre-and(More)
The mechanisms by which chondrocytes modulate longitudinal bone growth are not well understood. This in vitro study investigated the effects of loading on the mRNA expression pattern of key molecular components of the growth-plate related to the extracellular matrix (type II and type X collagen) and the PTH-PTHrP feedback loop. Short-term static compressive(More)
AIM OF THE STUDY It has recently been suggested that acute kidney injury (AKI) may strongly be influenced by post-resuscitation disease and cardiogenic shock (CS), and may not just be a consequence of cardiac arrest and time without spontaneous circulation. AKI also has been suggested as a strong independent predictor of in-hospital mortality. Therefore the(More)
OBJECTIVE Mortality in patients with cardiogenic shock after out-of-hospital cardiac arrest remains high despite advances in resuscitation and early revascularization strategies. Recent studies suggest a reduced mortality in survivors of cardiac arrest subjected to mild therapeutic hypothermia, but the underlying mechanisms are not yet clear. Because(More)
Bone growth is a complex process involving proliferation, maturation and hypertrophy of chondrocytes in the growth plates. Mechanical forces applied to growing bones alter their longitudinal growth. However, the mechanisms by which chondrocytes modulate longitudinal bone growth are not well understood. This in vitro study investigated the effects of(More)
BACKGROUND Transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) represents an alternative option for elderly patients with severe aortic valve stenosis who are denied surgical aortic valve replacement (SAVR) because of high perioperative risk. The impact of TAVI on postprocedural atrial fibrillation is undefined. METHODS In a single-center analysis, we assessed(More)
In a community study in rural Senegal, 22 human immunodeficiency virus type-2 (HIV-2) seropositive cases and 64 matched controls were examined clinically and evaluated immunologically. The presence of clinical signs was highly correlated with HIV-2 seropositivity: 9 anti-HIV-2 positive patients and 5 controls presented with clinical signs (odd ratio [OR] =(More)
The 2009 European Guidelines on Diagnosis and Treatment of Pulmonary Hypertension have been adopted for Germany. The guidelines contain detailed recommendations for the diagnosis of pulmonary hypertension. However, the practical implementation of the European Guidelines in Germany requires the consideration of several country-specific issues and already(More)