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BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE   The aim of this study was to evaluate the presence of abnormalities in the brain of patients with restless legs syndrome (RLS) using voxel-based morphometry and diffusion tensor imaging (DTI). METHODS   Twenty patients and twenty controls were studied. Voxel-based morphometry analysis was performed using statistical parametric(More)
Clinical differentiation of parkinsonian syndromes such as the Parkinson variant of multiple system atrophy (MSA-P) and progressive supranuclear palsy (PSP) from Parkinson's disease is difficult in the early stage of the disease. In order to identify objective markers for differential diagnosis, we studied these three groups of patients with(More)
Corticobasal degeneration (CBD) and progressive supranuclear palsy (PSP) are two neurodegenerative disorders within the category of tauopathies, which must be considered in differential diagnosis of Parkinson's disease. Although specific clinical and neuroradiological features help to guide the clinician to a likely diagnosis of Parkinson's disease, CBD or(More)
The early diagnosis of progressive supranuclear palsy (PSP) may be challenging, because of clinical overlapping features with Parkinson's disease (PD) and other parkinsonian syndromes such as the Parkinsonian variant of multiple system atrophy (MSA-P). Conventional MRI can help in differentiating parkinsonian disorders but its diagnostic accuracy is still(More)
STUDY OBJECTIVES Obstructive sleep apnoea syndrome (OSAS) causes sleep related oxygen desaturation, excessive daytime sleepiness (EDS), and cognitive impairment. The role of hypoxic brain damage, sleep fragmentation, and the associated comorbidities (hypertension, vascular disorders) in the pathogenesis of cognitive deficits remains controversial. The aim(More)
Mutations in DDHD1 gene have been associated with the SPG28 subtype of Hereditary Spastic Paraparesis (HSP). Clinical phenotype includes axonal neuropathy, distal sensory loss, and cerebellar eye movement disturbances. We screened 96 index subjects from recessive HSP families for mutation and identified one family with two sibs carrying mutations in DDHD1(More)
Optic neuropathy is common in mitochondrial disorders, but poorly characterized in Friedreich's ataxia (FRDA), a recessive condition caused by lack of the mitochondrial protein frataxin. We investigated 26 molecularly confirmed FRDA patients by studying both anterior and posterior sections of the visual pathway using a new, integrated approach. This(More)
We report on the extensive phenotypic characterization of five Italian patients from four unrelated families carrying dominant heterozygous DNMT1 mutations linked to two distinct autosomal dominant diseases: hereditary sensory and autonomic neuropathy with dementia and hearing loss type IE (HSAN IE) and autosomal dominant cerebellar ataxia, deafness and(More)
The pathophysiology of essential tremor (ET) is unknown. PET and fMRI studies have revealed bilateral activation and (1)H-MRS studies metabolic abnormalities in the cerebellum and other functionally related brain structures in ET. Diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) was used to search for evidence of tissue integrity abnormalities in these areas in ET patients(More)
McArdle's disease causes limitation in exercise capacity as well as disability, the severity of which has been associated with the angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) insertion (I)/deletion (D) haplotype-patients with the genotype associated with higher ACE activity show the most severe phenotype. Modulation of ACE activity through the use of inhibitors may(More)