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The early diagnosis of progressive supranuclear palsy (PSP) may be challenging, because of clinical overlapping features with Parkinson's disease (PD) and other parkinsonian syndromes such as the Parkinsonian variant of multiple system atrophy (MSA-P). Conventional MRI can help in differentiating parkinsonian disorders but its diagnostic accuracy is still(More)
Corticobasal degeneration (CBD) and progressive supranuclear palsy (PSP) are two neurodegenerative disorders within the category of tauopathies, which must be considered in differential diagnosis of Parkinson's disease. Although specific clinical and neuroradiological features help to guide the clinician to a likely diagnosis of Parkinson's disease, CBD or(More)
There is significant evidence that the pathogenesis of several neurodegenerative diseases, including Parkinson's disease, Alzheimer's disease, Friedreich's ataxia (FRDA), multiple sclerosis and amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, may involve the generation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) and/or reactive nitrogen species (RNS) associated with mitochondrial(More)
  • Valerio Carelli, Olimpia Musumeci, Leonardo Caporali, Claudia Zanna, Chiara La Morgia, Valentina Del Dotto +20 others
  • 2015
OBJECTIVE Mounting evidence links neurodegenerative disorders such as Parkinson disease and Alzheimer disease with mitochondrial dysfunction, and recent emphasis has focused on mitochondrial dynamics and quality control. Mitochondrial dynamics and mtDNA maintenance is another link recently emerged, implicating mutations in the mitochondrial fusion genes(More)
Optic neuropathy is common in mitochondrial disorders, but poorly characterized in Friedreich's ataxia (FRDA), a recessive condition caused by lack of the mitochondrial protein frataxin. We investigated 26 molecularly confirmed FRDA patients by studying both anterior and posterior sections of the visual pathway using a new, integrated approach. This(More)
  • Leonardo Caporali, Anna Maria Ghelli, Luisa Iommarini, Alessandra Maresca, Maria Lucia Valentino, Chiara La Morgia +15 others
  • 2013
Complex I (CI) deficiency is a frequent cause of mitochondrial disorders and, in most cases, is due to mutations in CI subunit genes encoded by mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA). In this study, we establish the pathogenic role of the heteroplasmic mtDNA m.3890G>A/MT-ND1 (p.R195Q) mutation, which affects an extremely conserved amino acid position in ND1 subunit of(More)
Pathophysiology of restless legs syndrome is poorly understood. A role of the thalamus, specifically of its medial portion which is a part of the limbic system, was suggested by functional magnetic resonance imaging and positron emission tomography studies. The aim of this study was to evaluate medial thalamus metabolism and structural integrity in patients(More)
BACKGROUND Friedreich ataxia (FRDA) is the commonest form of autosomal recessive ataxia. This study aimed to define the extent of the brain damage in FRDA patients and to identify in vivo markers of neurodegeneration, using diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI). METHODS We studied 27 FRDA patients and 21 healthy volunteers using a 1.5 T scanner. Axial DW(More)
Notch signaling is essential for vascular physiology. Neomorphic heterozygous mutations in NOTCH3, one of the four human NOTCH receptors, cause cerebral autosomal dominant arteriopathy with subcortical infarcts and leukoencephalopathy (CADASIL). Hypomorphic heterozygous alleles have been occasionally described in association with a spectrum of(More)
Even though the pathophysiology of restless legs syndrome is not completely understood, several imaging studies have contributed to our understanding of the disease. Functional and metabolic impairment seems to be the pathophysiological core, tied to a single brain network or multiple connected brain networks, via neurotransmitter modifications. Positron(More)