Caterina Tonon

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Clinical differentiation of parkinsonian syndromes such as the Parkinson variant of multiple system atrophy (MSA-P) and progressive supranuclear palsy (PSP) from Parkinson's disease is difficult in the early stage of the disease. In order to identify objective markers for differential diagnosis, we studied these three groups of patients with(More)
BACKGROUND Brain edema and increased intracranial pressure worsen prognosis in patients with end-stage chronic cirrhosis. OBJECTIVE To use diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) to quantify water apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) in different brain regions of patients with chronic liver failure with or without hepatic encephalopathy. METHODS The authors(More)
Corticobasal degeneration (CBD) and progressive supranuclear palsy (PSP) are two neurodegenerative disorders within the category of tauopathies, which must be considered in differential diagnosis of Parkinson's disease. Although specific clinical and neuroradiological features help to guide the clinician to a likely diagnosis of Parkinson's disease, CBD or(More)
PURPOSE To determine the incidence and the 30-day case fatality of status epilepticus (SE) in the adult resident population of the city of Bologna, Italy. METHODS Over a 1-year period (March 1, 1999 to February 29, 2000), all patients older than 20 years with SE were included. The case-finding method was based on (a) a prospective surveillance of all(More)
Dominant optic atrophy has been associated with mutations in the OPA1 gene, which encodes for a dynamin-related GTPase, a mitochondrial protein implicated in the formation and maintenance of mitochondrial network and morphology. We used phosphorus magnetic resonance spectroscopy to assess calf muscle oxidative metabolism in six patients from two unrelated(More)
PURPOSE To retrospectively compare sensitivity and specificity of magnetic resonance (MR) imaging, three-dimensional (3D) MR spectroscopy, combined MR imaging and 3D MR spectroscopy, and carbon 11 (11C)-choline positron emission tomography (PET)/computed tomography (CT) for intraprostatic tumor sextant localization, with histologic findings as reference(More)
There is significant evidence that the pathogenesis of several neurodegenerative diseases, including Parkinson's disease, Alzheimer's disease, Friedreich's ataxia (FRDA), multiple sclerosis and amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, may involve the generation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) and/or reactive nitrogen species (RNS) associated with mitochondrial(More)
The pathophysiology of essential tremor (ET) is unknown. PET and fMRI studies have revealed bilateral activation and (1)H-MRS studies metabolic abnormalities in the cerebellum and other functionally related brain structures in ET. Diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) was used to search for evidence of tissue integrity abnormalities in these areas in ET patients(More)
STUDY OBJECTIVES Obstructive sleep apnoea syndrome (OSAS) causes sleep related oxygen desaturation, excessive daytime sleepiness (EDS), and cognitive impairment. The role of hypoxic brain damage, sleep fragmentation, and the associated comorbidities (hypertension, vascular disorders) in the pathogenesis of cognitive deficits remains controversial. The aim(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE   The aim of this study was to evaluate the presence of abnormalities in the brain of patients with restless legs syndrome (RLS) using voxel-based morphometry and diffusion tensor imaging (DTI). METHODS   Twenty patients and twenty controls were studied. Voxel-based morphometry analysis was performed using statistical parametric(More)