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Nowadays, it has been demonstrated that DNA G-quadruplex arrangements are involved in cellular aging and cancer, thus boosting the discovery of selective binders for these DNA secondary structures. By taking advantage of available structural and biological information on these structures, we performed a high throughput in silico screening of commercially… (More)
Platinum-complexes represent some of the most successful groups of clinically used anticancer drugs. Their mechanism of action relies on the formation of stable DNA adducts occurring at the nitrogen in position 7 of guanine (N7) and involving one or two spatially close residues. The formation of stable DNA adducts is recognized as a DNA damaging event and,… (More)
Novel 1,4,5,8-naphthalenetetracarboxylic diimide (NDI) derivatives were synthesized and evaluated for their antiproliferative activity on a wide number of different tumor cell lines. The prototypes of the present series were derivatives 1 and 2 characterized by interesting biological profiles as anticancer agents. The present investigation expands on the… (More)
Small molecules that can induce and stabilize G-quadruplex DNA structures represent a novel approach for anti-cancer and anti-parasitic therapy and extensive efforts have been directed towards discovering lead compounds that are capable of stabilizing quadruplexes. The purpose of this study is to explore conformational modifications in a series of… (More)
Selective recognition of DNA folding is central to multiple biological and pharmacological applications aimed at precise targeting of distinct genomic regions. Here, we focused on the recognition of physiologically relevant G-quadruplex (G-4) structures by bis-phenanthroline (bis-Phen) ligands containing two Phen moieties covalently linked through an amine… (More)
Transition metal ions can drive the assembly of small planar ligands to produce structures able to efficiently recognize G-quadruplex DNA arrangements.
The mechanism of action of clinically used Pt-based drugs is through the formation of stable DNA adducts occurring at the nitrogen in position 7 of guanine (N7) and involving one or two spatially closed residues. Nevertheless, proteins can represent alternative targets since in particular sulfur groups, present in cysteine or methionine residues, can… (More)
Transition metal complexes allow fine tuning of DNA binding affinity and selectivity. Here we report on the nucleic acid recognition properties of a phenanthroline-based ligand coordinated to Ni(2+) or Cu(2+). The resulting complexes clearly bind to telomeric G-quadruplexes at different sites according to the nature of the bound metal ion.
Aryl ethynyl anthraquinones have been synthesized by Sonogashira cross-coupling and evaluated as telomeric G-quadruplex ligands, by the FRET melting assay, circular dichroism, the DNA synthesis arrest assay and molecular docking. Both the binding properties and G-quadruplex vs. duplex selectivity are controlled by the structures of the aryl ethynyl moieties.
New trans-platinum planar amines (TPAs) represent a family of platinum-based drugs with cytotoxicity equivalent to that of cisplatin, but with negligible cross-resistance. According to the substitution pattern around the metal center, distinct DNA adducts can be formed which yield various levels of cytotoxicity in cell lines. We compared the effects of… (More)