Caterina Missero

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Permanent congenital hypothyroidism (CH) is a common disease that occurs in 1 of 3,000-4,000 newborns. Except in rare cases due to hypothalamic or pituitary defects, CH is characterized by elevated levels of thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) resulting from reduced thyroid function. When thyroid hormone therapy is not initiated within the first two months of(More)
Notch signaling promotes commitment of keratinocytes to differentiation and suppresses tumorigenesis. p63, a p53 family member, has been implicated in establishment of the keratinocyte cell fate and/or maintenance of epithelial self-renewal. Here we show that p63 expression is suppressed by Notch1 activation in both mouse and human keratinocytes through a(More)
BACKGROUND The past few years have seen a vast increase in the amount of genomic data available for a growing number of taxa, including sets of full length cDNA clones and cis-regulatory sequences. Large scale cross-species comparisons of protein function and cis-regulatory sequences may help to understand the emergence of specific traits during evolution.(More)
The fibrillar collagens provide structural scaffolding and strength to the extracellular matrices of connective tissues. We identified a partial sequence of a new fibrillar collagen gene in the NCBI databases and completed the sequence with bioinformatic approaches and 5' RACE. This gene, designated COL27A1, is approximately 156 kbp long and has 61 exons(More)
Ankyloblepharon-ectodermal defects-cleft lip/palate (AEC) syndrome, which is characterized by cleft palate and severe defects of the skin, is an autosomal dominant disorder caused by mutations in the gene encoding transcription factor p63. Here, we report the generation of a knock-in mouse model for AEC syndrome (p63(+/L514F) ) that recapitulates the human(More)
Genome-wide identification of bona-fide targets of transcription factors in mammalian cells is still a challenge. We present a novel integrated computational and experimental approach to identify direct targets of a transcription factor. This consists of measuring time-course (dynamic) gene expression profiles upon perturbation of the transcription factor(More)
Induction of tyrosine phosphorylation is an early and specific event which is required for mouse keratinocyte differentiation to occur, in response to both calcium and TPA (12-0-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate). We report here that there is an increase of tyrosine kinase activity immunoprecipitable with anti-phosphotyrosine antibodies specifically in(More)
The mechanism of cell cycle withdrawal during terminal differentiation is poorly understood. We report here that the cyclin-dependent kinase (CDK) inhibitor p21Cip1/WAF1 is induced at early times of both keratinocyte and myoblast differentiation. p21Cip1/WAF1 induction is accompanied by a drastic inhibition of total Cdk2, as well as p21Cip1/WAF1-associated(More)
p63, a p53 family member, is highly expressed in the basal proliferative compartment of the epidermis and its expression has been correlated with the growth ability and regenerative capacity of keratinocytes. In this study we report a mechanism through which p63 maintains cell cycle progression by directly repressing miR-34a and miR-34c. In the absence of(More)
Ankyloblepharon, ectodermal defects, cleft lip/palate (AEC) syndrome is a rare autosomal dominant disorder caused by mutations in the p63 gene, essential for embryonic development of stratified epithelia. The most severe cutaneous manifestation of this disorder is the long-lasting skin fragility associated with severe skin erosions after birth. Using a(More)