Learn More
p21Cip1/WAF1 was the first cyclin-dependent kinase (CDK) inhibitor to be identified, as a mediator of p53 in DNA damage-induced growth arrest, cell senescence, and direct CDK regulation. p21 may also play an important role in differentiation-associated growth arrest, as its expression is augmented in many terminally differentiating cells. A general(More)
Permanent congenital hypothyroidism (CH) is a common disease that occurs in 1 of 3,000-4,000 newborns. Except in rare cases due to hypothalamic or pituitary defects, CH is characterized by elevated levels of thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) resulting from reduced thyroid function. When thyroid hormone therapy is not initiated within the first two months of(More)
Ankyloblepharon-ectodermal defects-cleft lip/palate (AEC) syndrome, which is characterized by cleft palate and severe defects of the skin, is an autosomal dominant disorder caused by mutations in the gene encoding transcription factor p63. Here, we report the generation of a knock-in mouse model for AEC syndrome (p63(+/L514F) ) that recapitulates the human(More)
Induction of tyrosine phosphorylation is an early and specific event which is required for mouse keratinocyte differentiation to occur, in response to both calcium and TPA (12-0-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate). We report here that there is an increase of tyrosine kinase activity immunoprecipitable with anti-phosphotyrosine antibodies specifically in(More)
p63, a p53 family member, is highly expressed in the basal proliferative compartment of the epidermis and its expression has been correlated with the growth ability and regenerative capacity of keratinocytes. In this study we report a mechanism through which p63 maintains cell cycle progression by directly repressing miR-34a and miR-34c. In the absence of(More)
The fibrillar collagens provide structural scaffolding and strength to the extracellular matrices of connective tissues. We identified a partial sequence of a new fibrillar collagen gene in the NCBI databases and completed the sequence with bioinformatic approaches and 5' RACE. This gene, designated COL27A1, is approximately 156 kbp long and has 61 exons(More)
Notch signaling promotes commitment of keratinocytes to differentiation and suppresses tumorigenesis. p63, a p53 family member, has been implicated in establishment of the keratinocyte cell fate and/or maintenance of epithelial self-renewal. Here we show that p63 expression is suppressed by Notch1 activation in both mouse and human keratinocytes through a(More)
p63 is a crucial regulator of epidermal development, but its transcriptional control has remained elusive. Here, we report the identification of a long-range enhancer (p63LRE) that is composed of two evolutionary conserved modules (C38 and C40), acting in concert to control tissue- and layer-specific expression of the p63 gene. Both modules are in an open(More)
The transcription factor thyroid transcription factor-1 (TTF-1) is a homeodomain-containing protein that belongs to the NK2 family of genes involved in organogenesis. TTF-1 is required for normal development of the forebrain, lung, and thyroid. In a search for factors that regulate TTF-1 transcriptional activity, we isolated three genes (T:G(More)
Transforming growth factors beta (TGF-beta s) are potent inhibitors of epithelial cell growth in culture and might play a similar role in vivo. Several studies have suggested that acquisition of TGF-beta resistance is an important step in epithelial tumor development. Here, we show that resistance to TGF-beta 1 growth inhibition can be induced by(More)