Caterina Mariotti

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OBJECTIVE To develop a reliable and valid clinical scale measuring the severity of ataxia. METHODS The authors devised the Scale for the Assessment and Rating of Ataxia (SARA) and tested it in two trials of 167 and 119 patients with spinocerebellar ataxia. RESULTS The mean time to administer SARA in patients was 14.2 +/- 7.5 minutes (range 5 to 40).(More)
OBJECTIVE To identify factors that determine disease severity and clinical phenotype of the most common spinocerebellar ataxias (SCAs), we studied 526 patients with SCA1, SCA2, SCA3. or SCA6. METHODS To measure the severity of ataxia we used the Scale for the Assessment and Rating of Ataxia (SARA). In addition, nonataxia symptoms were assessed with the(More)
OBJECTIVE To obtain quantitative data on the progression of the most common spinocerebellar ataxias (SCAs) and identify factors that influence their progression, we initiated the EUROSCA natural history study, a multicentric longitudinal cohort study of 526 patients with SCA1, SCA2, SCA3, or SCA6. We report the results of the 1- and 2-year follow-up visits.(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the usefulness of functional measures in patients with spinocerebellar ataxia (SCA). METHODS We assessed three functional measures-8 m walking time (8MW), 9-hole peg test (9HPT), and PATA repetition rate-in 412 patients with autosomal dominant SCA (genotypes 1, 2, 3, and 6) in a multicenter trial. RESULTS While PATA rate was(More)
Spinocerebellar ataxias are dominantly inherited disorders that are associated with progressive brain degeneration, mainly affecting the cerebellum and brainstem. As part of the multicentre European integrated project on spinocerebellar ataxias study, 37 patients with spinocerebellar ataxia-1, 19 with spinocerebellar ataxia-3 and seven with spinocerebellar(More)
Alexander disease (AD) in its typical form is an infantile lethal leucodystrophy, characterized pathologically by Rosenthal fibre accumulation. Following the identification of glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP) gene as the causative gene, cases of adult-onset AD (AOAD) are being described with increasing frequency. AOAD has a different clinical and(More)
Neuronal disorders, like Huntington's disease (HD), are difficult to study, due to limited cell accessibility, late onset manifestations, and low availability of material. The establishment of an in vitro model that recapitulates features of the disease may help understanding the cellular and molecular events that trigger disease manifestations. Here, we(More)
BACKGROUND Huntington's disease (HD) is a rare triplet repeat (CAG) disorder. Advanced, multi-centre, multi-national research frameworks are needed to study simultaneously multiple complementary aspects of HD. This includes the natural history of HD, its management and the collection of clinical information and biosamples for research. METHODS We report(More)
We describe a four-generation Italian family with a novel form of juvenile-onset, slowly progressive, autosomal dominant cerebellar ataxia. Eleven affected family members have been evaluated. The mean age at onset was 19.5 years with no evidence of anticipation. The first symptoms were invariably unbalanced standing and mild gait incoordination. Gaze-evoked(More)
We describe a novel strategy for mRNA normalization in quantitative real-time PCR that is based on expressed Alu repeat amplification as a measure for the mRNA fraction. We show that expressed Alu repeat amplification is a fast, accurate normalization tool that can be successfully used for quantification of selected mRNA in the human transcriptome. This(More)