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BACKGROUND Sensitivity and specificity of the most widely employed techniques of parathyroid glands localization, namely echography and scintigraphy, are mostly obtained with short-term follow-up data and do not underline the existence of a methodological problem. As a matter of fact, both methods identify only pathological glands, with no "normal" results;(More)
Resveratrol has been reported to improve metabolic function in metabolically abnormal rodents and humans, but it has not been studied in nonobese people with normal glucose tolerance. We conducted a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial to evaluate the metabolic effects of 12 weeks of resveratrol supplementation (75 mg/day) in nonobese,(More)
Bariatric surgery in obese patients is a highly effective method of preventing or resolving type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM); however, the remission rate is not the same among different surgical procedures. We compared the effects of 20% weight loss induced by laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding (LAGB) or Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) surgery on the(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS An increased number of macrophages in adipose tissue is associated with insulin resistance and metabolic dysfunction in obese people. However, little is known about other immune cells in adipose tissue from obese people, and whether they contribute to insulin resistance. We investigated the characteristics of T cells in adipose tissue from(More)
PURPOSE OF REVIEW Intrahepatic fat content is increasingly being recognized as an integral part of metabolic dysfunction. This article reviews available methods for the assessment of hepatic steatosis. RECENT FINDINGS Apart from liver biopsy, there are several noninvasive radiologic modalities for evaluating nonalcoholic fatty liver disease.(More)
Cancer anorexia frequently characterizes the clinical journey of patients with cancer and affects patients' morbidity, mortality, and quality of life. A constellation of symptoms concur to the diagnosis of anorexia, and early satiety, changes in taste/smell, and nausea are the more frequently reported. The pathogenesis of cancer anorexia is multifactorial,(More)
Data from studies in animal models indicate that certain lipid metabolites, particularly diacylglycerol, ceramide, and acylcarnitine, disrupt insulin action. We evaluated the relationship between the presence of these metabolites in the liver (assessed by mass spectrometry) and hepatic insulin sensitivity (assessed using a hyperinsulinemic-euglycemic clamp(More)
CONTEXT Increased adipose tissue lipolytic activity is considered an important factor in the pathogenesis of skeletal muscle insulin resistance associated with obesity. OBJECTIVE The objective of the study was to evaluate the relationship between the rate of release of free fatty acids (FFA) into plasma and skeletal muscle insulin sensitivity in human(More)
Insulin resistance in adipose tissue increases the release of free fatty acids into the circulation, which likely contributes to impaired insulin action in liver and skeletal muscle associated with obesity. However, reliable assessment of adipose tissue insulin resistance requires performing a hyperinsulinemic-euglycemic clamp procedure in conjunction with(More)