Caterina Casalini

Learn More
OBJECTIVES To compare pre and post-ART attrition between youth (15-24 years) and other patients in HIV care, and to investigate factors associated with attrition among youth. DESIGN Cohort study utilizing routinely collected patient-level data from 160 HIV clinics in Kenya, Mozambique, Tanzania, and Rwanda. METHODS Patients at least 10 years of age(More)
In a multicenter, prospective, randomized, open-label study of isoniazid-preventive therapy (IPT) for latent tuberculosis infection, illegal immigrants from countries where tuberculosis is highly endemic were enrolled at two clinical sites in Northern Italy. Of 208 eligible subjects, 82 received supervised IPT at a dose of 900 mg twice weekly for 6 mo(More)
SETTING Practical or cost-effective strategies to identify undocumented immigrants with latent tuberculosis infection and to deliver treatment for latent TB infection are still unavailable. OBJECTIVES To compare completion rates of screening procedures for TB infection and disease among undocumented immigrants at specialised (TB) and unspecialised health(More)
We have assessed prevalence, incidence, and factors associated with increased risk for Chlamydia trachomatis genital infection among female migrant sex workers in Italy. In a prospective, observational study, women were offered free screening for sexually transmitted diseases and C. trachomatis was tested by a commercial ligase chain reaction assay in(More)
OBJECTIVE To study clustered Mycobacterium tuberculosis isolates as an indicator of recent TB transmission in a small urban setting in Italy, and to determine associated risk factors. METHODS M. tuberculosis strains isolated between 1991 and 1997 were characterised by IS6110 restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP) analysis. RESULTS One hundred(More)
SETTING A total of 663 human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) care and treatment sites in nine tuberculosis (TB) affected African countries, serving over 900,000 persons living with HIV. OBJECTIVE To determine the implementation of infection control (IC) measures and whether program and facility characteristics were associated with implementation of these(More)
We report a fatal case of malaria in an HIV-coinfected nonimmune traveler. The primary cause of death is discussed. The importance of prevention of malaria in nonimmune travelers is stressed. Prevention of malaria in nonimmune travelers should be regarded as a priority area for clinical practice and operational research.
We have conducted a longitudinal study on factors associated with candidal vaginal colonization, a precursor of vaginitis, in a cohort of HIV-infected women in Italy. All consecutive women attending a single, tertiary care clinical site were offered free screening for sexually transmitted infections and genital disorders every 6-12 months. Candidal vaginal(More)