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The aim of the study was to investigate how the biological binding between different facial dimensions, and their social and communicative relevance, may impact updating processes in working memory (WM). We focused on WM updating because it plays a key role in ongoing processing. Gaze direction and facial expression are crucial and changeable components of(More)
The role of content-context binding in working memory updating has received only marginal interest, despite its undoubted relevance for the updating process. In the classical updating paradigm, the main focus has been on the process of discarding information when new information is presented. Its efficacy has been determined by measurement of the accuracy(More)
Working memory updating can involve processing of either a specific memory content or a binding. So far, research has focused mainly on single contents as objects of updating, via recall accuracy measures. Here, we have addressed more direct measurement of the updating process (i.e., response times), assessing individually the role of single contents, as(More)
Age-related effects in working memory updating were investigated by administering a response time-based task to three adult age groups (young, young-old, and old-old). The task differentiated objects to update; participants were asked to update single memory contents or content-context bindings. The data showed an overall delay of response latencies in the(More)
The aim of the present study was to investigate how working memory updating for verbal material is modulated by enduring properties of long-term memory. Two coexisting perspectives that account for the relation between long-term representation and short-term performance were addressed. First, evidence suggests that performance is more closely linked to(More)
Updating of information is a crucial mechanism in working memory. In fact, through updating we are able to change the content of working memory along with its content-context binding. In the present study we investigated how spatial bindings for letters and digits are updated. To this end we measured the updating process directly, employing a task composed(More)
The authors have examined endocrine function in women during postmenopausal age. They have also studied polymicrobic vaginal flora related to sexual hormone levels. Have been controllated correlations between vaginal microbic status and cytohormonal response at different hormonal situation present in the same woman. In postmenopausal women have been formed(More)
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