Catarina S. Nunes

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OBJECTIVE Part II of this research study is concerned with the development of a closed-loop simulation linking the patient model as well as the fuzzy relational classifier already introduced in Part I with a control algorithm. The overall architecture is in fact a system advisor, which provides information to the anaesthetist about the adequate(More)
Somatosensory evoked potentials (SEPs) have been linked to noxious activation and stimulus intensity. In this exploratory study we investigated the impact of anaesthetic drugs on SEPs and pain ratings, to assess their applicability as an objective measure of the nociception/anti-nociception balance. Following institutional approval and written informed(More)
BACKGROUND Mechanical ventilation is a well-known trigger for lung inflammation. Research focuses on tidal volume reduction to prevent ventilator-induced lung injury. Mechanical ventilation is usually applied with higher than physiological oxygen fractions. The purpose of this study was to investigate the after effect of oxygen supplementation during a(More)
Cerebral State Index (CSI) is a measure of depth of anesthesia (DoA) developed for humans, which is traditionally modeled with the Hill equation and the propofol effect-site concentration (Ce). The CSI has been studied in dogs and showed several limitations related to the interpretation of EEG data. Nevertheless, the CSI has a lot of potential for DoA(More)
With the recent concern on patient's outcome following general anesthesia, automatic control of drugs has been a field of interest. The Bispectral Index (BIS) is an EEG based hypnosis monitor, in current use at the operating theatre as a guiding tool for the anesthesiologist to titrate drugs, and prevent awareness. When trying to model a certain process,(More)
Nowadays general anesthesia is maintained using as the controller the human intervention, relying only on the quick and certain response of the anesthesiologist to the surrounding conditions, in order to provide the adequate state of anesthesia for the three main components - hypnosis, analgesia and paralysis. One of the most advantageous breakthroughs in(More)
The problem of controlling the level of depth of anesthesia measured by the Bispectral Index (BIS) of the electroencephalogram of patients under general anesthesia, is considered. It is assumed that the manipulated variable is the infusion rate of the hypnotic drug propofol, while the drug remifentanil is also administered for analgesia. Since these two(More)
Because of the complexity of raw electroencephalogram (EEG), for the anesthesiologist it is very difficult to evaluate the patient's hypnosis state. Because of this, several depth of anesthesia monitors have been developed, and are in current use at the operating room (OR). These monitors convert the information supplied by the EEG or derived signals into a(More)