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BACKGROUND AND AIMS The extant species of the seed plant group Gnetales (Ephedra, Gnetum and Welwitschia) have been considered a remnant of a much greater, now extinct, diversity due to the pronounced differences in form and ecology among the genera. Until recently, this hypothesis has not been supported by evidence from the fossil record. This paper adds(More)
BACKGROUND Knowledge on fossil and evolutionary history of the Gnetales has expanded rapidly; Ephedra and ephedroids as well as the Gnetum-Welwitschia clade are now well documented in the Early Cretaceous. However, hypotheses on evolutionary relationships among living and fossil species are hampered by restricted knowledge of morphological variation in(More)
Morphological variation in Ephedra (Gnetales) is limited and confusing from an evolutionary perspective, with parallelisms and intraspecific variation. However, recent analyses of molecular data provide a phylogenetic framework for investigations of morphological traits, albeit with few informative characters in the investigated gene regions. We document(More)
Unfortunately, the ''Key based on female plants'' in the original publication contains two mistakes. We have given below the wrong version followed by the correct version for better understanding.
Plastid genomes have been widely applied to elucidate plant evolution at higher taxonomic levels, but have rarely been considered useful for addressing close relationships. Here, we resolve the phylogeny and taxonomy of the Chinese lianoid Gnetum clade (Gnetales), using high throughput and Sanger sequencing techniques and studies of plant morphology.(More)
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