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The YEASTRACT (http://www.yeastract.com) information system is a tool for the analysis and prediction of transcription regulatory associations in Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Last updated in June 2013, this database contains over 200,000 regulatory associations between transcription factors (TFs) and target genes, including 326 DNA binding sites for 113 TFs.(More)
Argyrophilic cytoplasmic inclusions of oligodendrocytes have been described in cases of multiple system atrophy (olivopontocerebellar atrophy, striatonigral degeneration, and Shy-Drager syndrome). The oligodendroglial cytoplasmic inclusions are immunolabeled with antiubiquitin antibodies. Ultrastructurally, they appear as granule-associated filaments. They(More)
Hypomyelination syndrome of the Weimaraner dog is a disease characterised by a reduction or absence of myelin in the axons of the central nervous system (CNS) exclusively. The objective of this study was to analyse the cause of this deficiency of myelin. Tissue samples of the CNS of three Weimaraner dogs with neurological signs were fixed in 10% formalin(More)
Dreher (dr(J)) is an autosomal recessive mutation in the newly identified LIM homeobox gene, Lmx1a. The homozygous mutant phenotype includes misplaced neurons (heterotopia) in the cerebral cortex, cerebellum and hippocampus, which mimic the mild end of the spectrum of neuronal migration disorders in humans. Heterotopic neurons are found mainly in the(More)
A brief survey of cortical development is presented, focusing on neuronal migration and its alterations. Corticogenesis is achieved through ordered temporospatial steps, via the formation of transient structures, and successive waves of cell proliferation and migration (followed by cell differentiation and maturation), and apoptotic cell death. The(More)
Nine cases of multiple system atrophy and 1 case of autosomal dominant olivopontocerebellar atrophy (neuropathological diagnosis) were retrospectively examined for the presence of oligodendroglial inclusions. Clinical diagnosis in the first 9 cases had been: olivopontocerebellar atrophy (3 cases), atypical Parkinson's disease (2 cases), Shy-Drager syndrome(More)
Infections caused by opportunistic fungal pathogens have reached concerning numbers due to the increase of the immunocrompromised human population and to the development of antifungal resistance. This resistance is often attributed to the action of multidrug efflux pumps, belonging to the ATP-binding cassette (ABC) superfamily and the major facilitator(More)
Opportunistic Candida species often have to cope with inhibitory concentrations of acetic acid, in the acidic environment of the vaginal mucosa. Given that the ability of these yeast species to tolerate stress induced by weak acids and antifungal drugs appears to be a key factor in their persistence and virulence, it is crucial to understand the underlying(More)
5-Flucytosine is currently used as an antifungal drug in combination therapy, but fungal pathogens are rapidly able to develop resistance against this drug, compromising its therapeutic action. The understanding of the underlying resistance mechanisms is crucial to deal with this problem. In this work, the S. cerevisiae deletion mutant collection was(More)
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