Casto Rivadulla

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There are two recognised modes of firing activity in thalamic cells, burst and tonic. A low-threshold (LT) burst (referred to from now on as 'burst') comprises a small number of high-frequency action potentials riding the peak of a LT Ca(2+) spike which is preceded by a silent hyperpolarised state > 50 ms. This is traditionally viewed as a sleep-like(More)
The way in which the brain deals with sensory information relies not only on feedforward processing of signals from the periphery but also on feedback inputs. This is the case of the massive projection back from layer 6 in the visual cortex to the thalamus, for which, despite being the greatest single source of synaptic contacts, the functional role still(More)
The cutaneous primary afferents from the upper trunk and forelimbs reach the medial cuneate nucleus in their way towards the cerebral cortex. The aim of this work was twofold: (i) to study the mechanisms used by the primary afferents to relay cutaneous information to cuneate cuneolemniscal (CL) and noncuneolemniscal (nCL) cells, and (ii) to determine the(More)
Research in the fields of cellular communication and signal transduction in the brain has moved very rapidly in recent years. Nitric oxide (NO) is one of the latest discoveries in the arena of messenger molecules. Current evidence indicates that, in visual system, NO is produced in both postsynaptic and presynaptic structures and acts as a neurotransmitter,(More)
The ascending cutaneous transmission through the middle cuneate nucleus is subject to cortico-feedback modulation. This work studied the intracuneate cellular mechanisms underlying the corticocuneate influence. Single unit extracellular records combined with iontophoresis showed that the corticocuneate input activates cuneo-lemniscal (CL) and(More)
In the absence of a direct geniculate input, area 17 cells in the cat are nevertheless able to respond to visual stimuli because of feedback connections from area 18. Anatomic studies have shown that, in the cat visual cortex, layer 5 of area 18 projects to layer 5 of area 17, and layers 2/3 of area 18 project to layers 2/3 of area 17. What is the specific(More)
Transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) of the cortex can modify activity noninvasively and produce either excitatory or inhibitory effects, depending on stimulus parameters. Here we demonstrate controlled inhibitory effects on the large corticogeniculate feedback pathway from primary visual cortex to cells of the dorsal lateral geniculate nucleus (dLGN)(More)
We have shown that application of an inhibitor of the enzyme nitric oxide synthase (NOS) effectively suppresses the visual responses of relay cells in the dorsal lateral geniculate nucleus (dLGN) of the anaesthetized paralysed cat. Such suppression seems to result from a specific reduction in transmission via N-methyl-D-aspartic acid (NMDA) receptors, since(More)
1. We iontophoretically applied NG-nitro-L-arginine (L-NOArg), an inhibitor of nitric oxide synthase (NOS), to cells (n = 77) in area 17 of anaesthetized and paralysed cats while recording single-unit activity extracellularly. In twenty-nine out of seventy-seven cells (38%), compounds altering NO levels affected visual responses. 2. In twenty-five out of(More)
Visual responses of neurons are dependent on the context of a stimulus, not only in spatial terms but also temporally, although evidence for temporally separate visual influences is meagre, based mainly on studies in the higher cortex. Here we demonstrate temporally induced elevation of visual responsiveness in cells in the lateral geniculate nucleus (LGN)(More)