Cassian Sitaru

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Autoimmune bullous diseases are associated with autoimmunity against structural components maintaining cell-cell and cell matrix adhesion in the skin and mucous membranes. Pemphigus diseases are characterized by autoantibodies against the intercellular junctions and intraepithelial blisters. In pemphigoid diseases and epidermolysis bullosa acquisita,(More)
The contribution of phagocyte-derived reactive oxygen species to tissue injury in autoimmune inflammatory diseases is unclear. Here we report that granulocyte nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate (NADPH) oxidase crucially contributes to tissue injury in experimental models of the antibody-mediated autoimmune disease epidermolysis bullosa acquisita.(More)
Neutrophils are activated by immunoglobulin G (IgG)-containing immune complexes through receptors that recognize the Fc portion of IgG (FcγRs). Here, we used genetic and pharmacological approaches to define a selective role for the β isoform of phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3Kβ) in FcγR-dependent activation of mouse neutrophils by immune complexes of IgG and(More)
Epidermolysis bullosa acquisita (EBA) is a subepidermal blistering disorder associated with tissue-bound and circulating autoantibodies specific to type VII collagen, a major constituent of the dermal-epidermal junction. Previous attempts to transfer the disease by injection of patient autoantibodies into mice have been unsuccessful. To study the pathogenic(More)
Autoimmune diseases are characterized by defined self-antigens, organ specificity, autoreactive T cells and/or autoantibodies that can transfer disease. Autoimmune blistering diseases are organ-specific autoimmune diseases associated with an immune response directed to structural proteins mediating cell-cell and cell-matrix adhesion in the skin. While both(More)
Experimental models reproducing an autoimmune response resulting in skin blistering in immunocompetent animals are lacking. Epidermolysis bullosa acquisita (EBA) is a bullous skin disease caused by autoantibodies to type VII collagen. In this study, we describe an active disease model of EBA by immunizing mice of different strains with murine type VII(More)
BACKGROUND Pemphigus foliaceus (PF) and pemphigus vulgaris (PV) are autoimmune blistering skin diseases usually treated with high-dose systemic corticosteroids and other immunosuppressants that may cause severe side-effects. Plasmapheresis also has been demonstrated to be of benefit in the treatment of pemphigus. In contrast to plasmapheresis,(More)
Autoimmune bullous skin diseases are characterized by autoantibodies and T cells specific to structural proteins maintaining cell–cell and cell–matrix adhesion in the skin. Existing clinical and experimental evidence generally supports a pathogenic role of autoantibodies for blister formation. These autoantibodies belong to several IgG subclasses, which(More)
Bullous pemphigoid (BP) and pemphigoid gestationis (PG) are acquired autoimmune subepidermal blistering diseases characterized by autoantibodies against the hemidesmosomal proteins BP180/type XVII collagen and BP230. In the vast majority of BP and PG patients, these autoantibodies bind to epitopes clustered within the 16th non-collagenous domain of BP180.(More)
Epidermolysis bullosa acquisita is an autoimmune subepidermal blistering disease associated with autoantibodies to type VII collagen, the major constituent of anchoring fibrils. Previous attempts to demonstrate the blister-inducing potential of autoantibodies to this protein have failed. To address this question, we used an in vitro model involving(More)