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Nitric oxide (NO) is a messenger molecule that is produced in the brain from the metabolism of L-arginine to L-citrulline. Growing evidence suggests a physiological role for NO in long-term potentiation (LTP). Since LTP is a form of synaptic plasticity thought to be involved in learning and memory, we have tested whether inhibition of endogenous NO(More)
Long-term potentiation (LTP) in the hippocampus is known to involve NMDA (N-methyl-D-aspartate) receptors. Since activation of NMDA receptors in the cerebellum results in the formation of nitric oxide (NO), we studied the possible involvement of this messenger in hippocampal synaptic plasticity. We report here that the NO-synthase inhibitor, L-N(More)
Phospholipase A2 activity can be determined fluorometrically in the presence of serum albumin using phospholipids labeled at the sn-2-acyl position with 10-pyrenyldecanoic acid. In the water reaction medium 10-pyrene phospholipids form vesicles and the monomer fluorescence of the pyrene is negligible due to pyrene-pyrene interaction. Upon phospholipid(More)
A novel plasminogen activator from Trimeresurus stejnegeri venom (TSV-PA) has been identified and purified to homogeneity. It is a single chain glycoprotein with an apparent molecular weight of 33,000 and an isoelectric point of pH 5.2. It specifically activates plasminogen through an enzymatic reaction. The activation of human native Glu-plasminogen by(More)
BACKGROUND Trimeresurus stejnejeri venom plasminogen activator (TSV-PA) is a snake venom serine proteinase that specifically activates plasminogen. Snake venom serine proteinases form a subfamily of trypsin-like proteinases that are characterised by a high substrate specificity and resistance to inhibition. Many of these venom enzymes specifically interfere(More)
Crotoxin is a potent neurotoxin from the venom of Crotalus durissus terrificus. It is composed of two subunits: a basic phospholipase A2 with low toxicity (component B) and an acidic protein seemingly devoid of intrinsic biological activity (component A). Crotoxin and its isolated phospholipase subunit block the depolarisation caused by cholinergic agonists(More)
We report the sequences of three cDNAs encoding the two subunits (CA and CB) of crotoxin, a neurotoxic phospholipase A2 from the venom of the South-American rattlesnake Crotalus durissus terrificus. CB is a basic and toxic phospholipase A2 and CA is an acidic, non toxic and non enzymatic three chain containing protein which enhances the lethal potency of(More)
A new thrombin inhibitor, bothrojaracin, has been identified and purified to homogeneity from the venom of Bothrops jararaca, the most common venomous snake of South America. Bothrojaracin has an isoelectric point of 4.2 and a molecular mass of 27 kDa and is made of two distinct polypeptide chains of 15 and 13 kDa, linked by disulfide bridges. Purified(More)
Antivenomous immunotherapy is still used empirically. To improve the efficacy and safety of immunotherapy, we studied the effects of administering antivenom antibodies (F(ab')2) on the pharmacokinetics of the Vipera aspis venom in rabbits. Free venom levels were measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay and total concentrations were quantified by(More)
The venoms of Viperidae and Crotalidae snakes are a rich source of proteins with activity against various factors involved in coagulation and fibrinolysis. These proteins are very specific for their molecular targets, resistant to physiological inhibitors and stable in vitro and in vivo. They have therefore proved to be useful for diagnostic tests. Based on(More)