Cassandra L. Krone

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Streptococcus pneumoniae is a frequent asymptomatic colonizer of the nasopharyngeal niche and only occasionally progresses toward infection. The burden of pneumococcal disease is particularly high in the elderly, and the mechanisms behind this increased susceptibility are poorly understood. Here we used a mouse model of pneumococcal carriage to study(More)
Incidence of pneumococcal disease is disproportionally high in infants and elderly. Nasopharyngeal colonisation by Streptococcus pneumoniae is considered a prerequisite for disease but unlike in children, carriage in elderly is rarely detected. Here, we tested for S. pneumoniae in nasopharyngeal and saliva samples collected from community-dwelling elderly(More)
Pulmonary delivery of substances in small animal models is often useful for experimental testing of various vaccine and drug candidates. One of the most challenging elements to such protocols is the efficient disposition of test materials in the lungs of mice. Herein we detail a means to deliver dry powders of an inhalant live-attenuated Mycobacterium bovis(More)
Tuberculosis remains a major global health problem that kills up to 2 million people annually. Central to the success of Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb) as a pathogen is its ability to evade host immunity and to establish a chronic infection. Although its primary intracellular niche is within macrophages, the underlying molecular mechanisms are poorly(More)
The separation of free bile acids, taurine conjugates, and glycine conjugates from one another was achieved by thin-layer chromatography, using a solvent system of isopropanol glacial acetic acid 93:7 in a solvent system of hexane-methylethylketone-glacial acetic acid 56:36:8 (v/v), it was possible to separate cholic, chenodeoxycholic, deoxycholic, and(More)
Respiratory infections are among the most important causes of morbidity and mortality from infectious diseases worldwide. The most common causative bacterium, Streptococcus pneumoniae, frequently colonises the upper respiratory tract, where it resides mostly asymptomatically. Occasionally, however, S pneumoniae can cause severe disease such as pneumonia.(More)
The upper respiratory tract (URT) is a distinct microbial niche of low-density bacterial communities and, also, a portal of entry for many potential pathogens, including Streptococcus pneumoniae. Thus far, animal models have been used to study the dynamics of and interactions between limited numbers of different species in the URT. Here, we applied a deep(More)