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The clinically approved taxanes (paclitaxel, docetaxel and cabazitaxel) target the tubulin protein in microtubules. Despite the clinical success of these agents, the mechanism of action of this class of drugs remains elusive, making rational design of taxanes difficult. Molecular dynamics simulations of these three taxanes with the αβ-tubulin heterodimer(More)
Laulimalide, a cancer chemotherapeutic in preclinical development, has a unique binding site located on two adjacent β-tubulin units between tubulin protofilaments of a microtubule. Our extended protein model more accurately mimics the microtubule environment, and together with a 135 ns molecular dynamics simulation, identifies a new binding mode for(More)
The formation and structure of the 5'-G[8-5]U-3' intrastrand cross-link are studied using density functional theory and molecular dynamics simulations due to the potential role of this lesion in the activity of 5-halouracils in antitumor therapies. Upon UV irradiation of 5-halouracil-containing DNA, a guanine radical cation reacts with the uracil radical to(More)
The (gas-phase) MP2/6-31G*(0.25) π···π stacking interactions between the five natural bases and the aromatic amino acids calculated using (truncated) monomers composed of conjugated rings and/or (extended) monomers containing the biological backbone (either the protein backbone or deoxyribose sugar) were previously compared. Although preliminary energetic(More)
Noscapine, a naturally occurring opium alkaloid, is a widely used antitussive medication. Noscapine has low toxicity and recently it was also found to possess cytotoxic activity which led to the development of many noscapine analogues. In this paper we report on the synthesis and testing of a novel noscapine analogue. Cytotoxicity was assessed by MTT(More)
Four uracil-containing intrastrand cross-links have been detected in human cells upon UV irradiation of 5-bromouracil-containing DNA, namely 5'-G[8-5]U-3', 5'-U[5-8]G-3', 5'-A[8-5]U-3', and 5'-A[2-5]U-3'. These lesions feature unique composition and connectivity compared with other intrastrand cross-links reported in the literature. For the first time,(More)
Detailed (gas-phase) MP2/6-31G*(0.25) potential energy surface scans and CCSD(T) energy calculations at the complete basis set (CBS) limit were used to analyze the (face-to-face) stacking and (edge-to-face) T-shaped interactions between histidine (modeled as imidazole) and the DNA nucleobases. For the first time, a variety of relative monomer arrangements(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS Protein tyrosine phosphatases are crucial enzymes controlling numerous physiological and pathophysiological events and can be regulated by oxidation of the catalytic domain cysteine residue. Peracids are highly oxidizing compounds, and thus may induce inactivation of PTPs. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the inhibitory effect of(More)
Changes in the magnitude of (M06-2X/6-31+G(d,p)) π-π stacking and T-shaped (nucleobase-edge and amino acid-edge) interactions between (neutral or protonated) histidine (His) and adenine (A) dimers upon microsolvation with up to four discrete water molecules were determined. A variety of histidine-water interactions were considered including conventional(More)
Previous computational studies have examined pi-pi and pi(+)-pi stacking and T-shaped interactions in nucleobase-amino acid dimers, yet it is important to investigate how additional amino acids affect these interactions since simultaneous contacts often appear in nature. Therefore, this paper investigates the geometries and binding strengths of amino(More)