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Cryptosporidia and microsporidia are emerging parasitic pathogens in immunocompetent and immunocompromised individuals. Cryptosporidium infects several wild and domestic animals that excrete oocysts into the environment and contaminated water represents the major source of infection for humans. Waterborne transmission of Cryptosporidium is a major risk for(More)
Microsporidia are obligate intracellular protozoan parasites that infect a broad range of vertebrates and invertebrates. These parasites are now recognized as one of the most common pathogens in human immunodeficiency virus-infected patients. For most patients with infectious diseases, microbiological isolation and identification techniques offer the most(More)
Organisms belonging to the Mycobacterium avium complex (MAC) cause life-threatening bacteremia in immunocompromised patients. Monocytes and macrophages are thought to be responsible for ingestion and killing of MAC. However, it has been suggested that neutrophils may play a role in the early immune response to MAC infection. Here, neutrophils in autologous(More)
BACKGROUND Hodgkin's disease (HD) is the most common non-AIDS-defining tumor diagnosed in HIV-infected patients. Antineoplastic treatment is difficult considering the underlying immunodeficiency caused by HIV itself and may increase the risk of opportunistic infections. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the efficacy and safety of the(More)
The taxonomic positions of Isospora belli and other members of the genus Isospora are controversial. We determined the small-subunit ribosomal RNA of I. belli and used this sequence in combination with other coccidian RNA sequences for analysis of the taxonomic position of I. belli. The phylogenetic trees we obtained provide molecular evidence for three(More)
Microsporidia are obligate intracellular protozoan parasites that infect a broad range of vertebrates and invertebrates. They are increasingly recognized as human pathogens, especially in patients infected with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). Organisms of the genus Encephalitozoon have been implicated as a major cause of disseminated microsporidian(More)
We amplified, cloned, and sequenced the beta-tubulin gene of Vittaforma corneae, a microsporidium causing human infections. The beta-tubulin gene sequence has a substitution at Glu(198) (with glutamine), which is one of six amino acids reported to be associated with benzimidazole sensitivity. Benzimidazoles were assayed for antimicrosporidial activity and(More)
Microsporidia are obligate intracellular parasites infecting a broad range of vertebrates and invertebrates. Various microsporidian species induce different clinical pictures in humans. The reason for this is not clear. It has been speculated that the different microsporidian species are transmitted by various routes, thus causing infections in different(More)