Casey Robinson

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The effects of ovariectomy and estrogen replacement on myocardial contractility were examined in female rabbits. Ovariectomy failed to alter left ventricular mass, papillary muscle cross-sectional area or isometric force. Estrogen replacement after ovariectomy (0.15 microg/kg/day i.m. 17beta-estradiol acetate for 7 days) increased left ventricular mass and(More)
Pretreatment of strips of rabbit aorta with 10(-3) M sodium cyanide reduced contractions to 10(-8) through 10(-4) M norepinephrine (NE) added cumulatively. This antagonism by cyanide was not altered by 4 X 10(-6) M ouabain or verapamil, suggesting a lack of involvement of Na+, K+ ATPase or of calcium influx in the antagonism. Cyanide potentiated(More)
Elastic and muscular arteries are known to differ in function and in the magnitude of their response to vasoconstrictor influences. With the isolated thoracic aorta and ear artery of the rabbit as representative arteries, the morphological, physiological, and pharmacological correlates of these differences have been sought among their presynaptic adrenergic(More)
Depletion of serotonin or norepinephrine in male rats by pretreatment with p-chlorophenylalanine or DL-alpha-methyl-p-tyrosine, respectively, failed to reduce the lethality of the monoamine oxidase-inhibiting acaricide, chlordimeform. Administration of phenylephrine, a directly acting alpha-adrenergic agonist, with chlordimeform did not increase the(More)
Rabbit mesenteric artery strips exposed to 10−3 M dithiothreitol (DTT) were contracted with a series of concentrations of histamine and 2-pyridylethylamine (PEA). DTT exposure increased the sensitivity to histamine 100-fold but increased the sensitivity to PEA only 4-fold. DTT did not reduce dimaprit-induced relaxations, but reduced histamine-induced(More)
Loss of cyanide from Krebs-Henseleit solution (KHS) was studied in aerated tissue baths at 38 degrees C in the presence and in the absence of tissue. The rate of cyanide loss was greater from 300-microM than from 30-microM solutions and still greater from 300-microM solutions in the presence of vascular tissue. Initial cyanide loss was much greater from the(More)
Terbutaline is a widely used, selective beta 2-adrenergic agonist whose penetration into brain has not been demonstrated in laboratory animals. Although its tissue uptake has been reported in some animals, no uptake into brain has been demonstrated. A single dose of 20 microCi of 3H-terbutaline along with 10 mg/kg of unlabeled terbutaline was injected into(More)
Short-term estrogen administration has been independently proposed to produce arterial vasodilation by both an indirect mechanism and a direct mechanism (inhibition of calcium entry though the L-type calcium channel). The proposed contributions of such diverse mechanisms to the vascular actions of 17beta-estradiol were examined in perfused hearts and in(More)