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Microbial resistance is an increasing health concern and a true danger to human well-being. A worldwide search for new compounds is ongoing, and antimicrobial peptides are promising lead candidates for tomorrow's antibiotics. The decapeptide anoplin (GLLKRIKTLL-NH2) is an especially interesting candidate because of its small size as well as its(More)
1. In a pen study, NH(3) flux estimates were performed when clean wheat straw or wood shavings were used as bedding materials in combination with two NH(3) control amendments: sodium bisulphate and a commercial premix of phosphoric + hydrochloric + citric acids. 2. Ammonia emissions from wood shavings were 19% greater than from wheat straw around waterers,(More)
A flock of the Athens Canadian Random Bred (ACRB), a 1955 meat-type chicken control strain, was raised alongside a flock of 2012 Cobb 500 fast feathering high-yielding broilers to determine selection changes over the past 57 yr. All birds were reared under management practices appropriate for the Cobb 500. Birds were weighed weekly and processed at 6, 8,(More)
Three diets, a control and two diets supplemented with an enzyme cocktail premix containing either amylase or xylanase, were each fed to 100 male poults (10 replicates of 10 poults per pen) from 0 to 5 wk of age to observe the effects upon body weight gain, feed intake, and feed efficiency. The amylase-supplemented diet significantly increased feed(More)
An experiment was conducted to determine the effect of feeding enzyme supplements (Avizyme and protease) at two levels of dietary crude protein (24 and 28%) to male turkeys from 0 to 5 wk of age. The Avizyme-protease enzyme mixture was fed at five concentrations within each protein level in an effort to determine an optimal level of supplementation. Enzymes(More)
BACKGROUND Poultry remains a major source of foodborne bacterial infections. A variety of additives with presumed anti-microbial and/or growth-promoting effects are commonly added to poultry feed during commercial grow-out, yet the effects of these additives on the gastrointestinal microbial community (the GI microbiome) as the bird matures remain largely(More)
We studied the effect of five bedding materials (wood shavings, sawdust, peanut hulls, wheat straw and shredded paper) and PLTtrade mark (a commercial formulation of Na bisulfate) in factorial combinations, on NH(3) emissions from broiler manure. Treatments were incubated for 11 days at 25 degrees C and 98% relative humidity. Ammonia was trapped in 0.1N(More)
Amylase and xylanase enzyme concentrations in the pancreas, small intestine, and crop were measured in Nicholas male poults fed diets with and without supplemental amylase and xylanase from 0 to 8 wk of age. Eight birds from each of three diets (control, amylase-supplemented, xylanase-supplemented) were killed every 3 d to determine the amylase and xylanase(More)
Six rooms, identical and environmentally controlled, and each housing 14 caged turkey breeder hens, were exposed to light schedules to provide continuous and intermittent photoperiods of 14, 12, and 10 h as follows: 1) 14 h, continuous; 2) 14 h, intermittent; 3) 12 h, continuous; 4) 12 h, intermittent; 5) 10 h, continuous; and 6) 10 h, intermittent.(More)
Researchers at the Georgia Tech Research Institute and the University of Georgia recently concluded an experiment studying animal reaction to robotic systems. The purpose of this study was to determine if the operation of robots in a poultry grow-out house environment is feasible from an animal behavior perspective. To determine this, an experiment was(More)