Casey Preston

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We have measured the decay of chlorophyll a fluorescence at 4 degrees C under anaerobic conditions in stabilized photosystem II reaction center complex isolated from spinach, using multifrequency (2-400 MHz) cross-correlation phase fluorometry. Examination of our data shows that although the fluorescence decay of open reaction centers (i.e., when both the(More)
Enveloped viruses such as HIV and influenza virus (IFV) are enclosed by a membrane which is obtained from an infected host cell. Infection of a new cell begins with joining or " fusion " of the viral and host cell membranes with an end result of a single membrane and the viral nucleocapsid in the host cell cytoplasm. Although membrane fusion is(More)
We have measured the rate constant for the formation of the oxidized chlorophyll a electron donor (P680(+)) and the reduced electron acceptor pheophytin a (-) (Pheo a (-)) following excitation of isolated Photosystem II reaction centers (PS II RC) at 15 K. This PS II RC complex consists of D1, D2, and cytochrome b-559 proteins and was prepared by a(More)
In this paper, we investigate the effects of histidyl amino acid modification on high-affinity Mn binding to photosystem II (PSII) using methods similar to those used in the preceding paper [Ghirardi et al. (1998) Biochemistry 37, 0000] for carboxyl amino acid modification. Given the rather low specificity of diethyl pyrocarbonate (DEPC) for histidine(More)
The diphenylcarbazide(DPC)/Mn2+ assay [Hsu, B.-D., Lee, J.-Y., & Pan, R.-L. (1987) Biochim. Biophys. Acta 890, 89-96] was used to assess the amount of the high-affinity Mn-binding site in manganese-depleted photosystem II (PS II) membrane fragments from spinach and Scenedesmus obliquus. The assay mechanism at high DPC concentration was shown to involve(More)
The O2-evolution deficient mutant (LF-1) of Scenedesmus obliquus inserts an unprocessed D1 protein into the thylakoid membrane and binds less than half the wild type (WT) level of Mn. LF-1 photosystem II (PS II) membrane fragments lack that part of the high-affinity Mn(2+)-binding site found in WT membranes which may be associated with histidine residues on(More)
The "high-affinity Mn-binding site" in Mn-depleted photosystem II (PS II) membrane fragments isolated from Scenedesmus obliquus was examined by using the diphenylcarbazide (DPC)/Mn2+ non-competitive inhibition assay [Preston, C., & Seibert, M. (1991) Biochemistry (preceding paper in this issue)]. Different proteases were used to degrade lumenal surface(More)
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