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Nanofibers exist widely in human tissue with different patterns. Electrospinning nanotechnology has recently gained a new impetus due to the introduction of the concept of biomimetic nanofibers for tissue regeneration. The advanced electrospinning technique is a promising method to fabricate a controllable continuous nanofiber scaffold similar to the(More)
Cell interactions with scaffolds are important for cell and tissue development in the process of repairing and regeneration of damaged tissue. Scaffolds that mimic extracellular matrix (ECM) surface topography, mechanical stiffness, and chemical composition will be advantageous to promote enhanced cell interactions. Electrospinning can easily produce(More)
Bridging of nerve gaps after injury is a major problem in peripheral nerve regeneration. Considering the potential application of a bio-artificial nerve guide material, polycaprolactone (PCL)/chitosan nanofibrous scaffolds was designed and evaluated in vitro using rat Schwann cells (RT4-D6P2T) for nerve tissue engineering. PCL, chitosan, and PCL/chitosan(More)
The regenerative potential of injured adult tissue suggests the physiological existence of cells capable of participating in the reparative process. Recent studies indicate that stem-like cells residing in tissues contribute to tissue repair and are replenished by precursor bone marrow-derived cells. Mesenchymal stromal cells (MSC) are among the candidates(More)
The concept of bone tissue engineering, which began in the early 1980s, has seen tremendous growth in the numbers of research studies. One of the key areas of research has been in the field of mesenchymal stem cells, where the challenge is to produce the perfect tissue-engineered bone construct. This practical review summarizes basic and applied(More)
Nanotechnology patenting has grown rapidly in recent years as an increasing number of countries are getting into the global nanotechnology race. Using a refined methodology to identify and classify nanotechnology patents, this paper analyses the changing pattern of internationalization of nanotechnology patenting activities from 1976–2004. We show that the(More)
We evaluate the feasibility of applying polarized Raman spectroscopy in probing the early biochemical compositions and orientation changes in impacted porcine cartilage explants. We divide 100 fresh tibial cartilage explants into four groups: control (unimpacted) and 3 groups of single impact at 15, 20, and 25 MPa. Each group is examined for biochemical(More)
Collagen is the main component of the extra-cellular matrix and has been utilised for numerous clinical applications in many forms and products. However, since collagen remains a natural animal-derived biopolymer, variation between batches should be addressed and minimised to ensure reproducibility of the fabrication process. Recently, electro-spinning of(More)
Biodegradable materials are widely used in the biomedical field because there is no postoperative surgery after implantation. Widely used synthetic biodegradable materials are polyesters, especially those used in tissue engineering. Advances in the tissue engineering field have brought much attention in terms of scaffold fabrication, such as with(More)
Interactions between bone marrow-derived hematopoietic stem cells (BM-HSCs) and their local microenvironment are an integral part of signaling control of BM-HSCs migration, proliferation and differentiation. We hypothesized that both substrate topographical and biochemical cues promote BM-HSCs adhesive behaviors, which are crucial for BM-HSCs' homing,(More)